Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs Adm > v.17(3) > 1051596

Kim, Kim, Seo, and So: Time Management Behavior and Self-Efficacy in Nursing Students



This study was done to explore time management behavior and self-efficacy in nursing students and to analyze the correlations between time management behavior and self-efficacy.


The data were collected from May 12 to 20 2010 using self-report questionnaires about time management behavior and self-efficacy of nursing students. The data from 508 students were analyzed using descriptive analysis, K-means clustering, and one-way ANOVA.


The mean score for time management behavior was 3.03±1.11 out of a possible 5, and self-efficacy was 3.65±0.42 out of a possible 6. Four groups were identified according to time management behavior. The four groups were significantly different on self-efficacy total (p=<.05) and self-regulatory efficacy (p=.<005). The group with the highest score for time management had the highest score for self-efficacy.


The results of the study indicate that time management behavior styles are related to self-efficacy for nursing students. Therefore, time management education programs based on the time management behavior styles are needed to increase self-efficacy in nursing students.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
Mean scores for items of time management behavior (N=508)

*reverse coding

Table 2
Groups and factor loading
Table 3
Mean of time management behavior by the groups


Table 4
Mean scores for self-efficacy by the groups

**p<.05, ***<.005


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