Journal List > J Korean Hip Soc > v.23(3) > 1048725

Kim, Park, Cho, and Kim: The Results of Cementless Total Hip Arthroplasty for Primary Osteoarthritis Compared with Avascular Necrosis of the Femoral Head

Abstract

Purpose

Cementless total hip arthroplasty was performed to treat primary osteoarthritis of the hip and avascular necrosis of the femoral head. The clinical and radiological results of the acetabular cups and femoral stems were compared.

Materials and Methods

The subjects were 84 cases who underwent primary cementless total hip arthroplasty from March 1992 to May 2001. The 84 cases were followed up for at least eight years. The patients were divided into the following two groups: group (A), 38 cases of degenerative osteoarthritis of the hip; and group (B), 46 cases of avascular necrosis of the hip. The clinical evaluation was conducted based on the Harris Hip Score (HHS). A radiological assessment was performed to determine if osteolysis or acetabular loosening had occurred. The results were analyzed statistically.

Results

The postoperative HHS of groups A and B at the final follow-up were 92.1 and 91.2, respectively (p=0.483). The radiological results revealed 9 and 15 cases of acetabular osteolysis (p=0.671) and 1 and 3 cases of vertical migration of the acetabular cups in the group A and B, respectively. Eight and 7 complications (p=0.572) were encountered in group A and B, respectively. Among these, 4 and 5 cases of revisional total hip arthroplasty were performed in group A and B, respectively. The results of survival analysis were similar in the two groups (p=0.969).

Conclusion

The clinical and radiological features of the acetabular cups and stems were similar in the two groups. Nevertheless, further studies will be needed due to the high rate of polyethylene liner wear and osteolysis around the acetabular cups or femoral stems.

Figures and Tables

Fig. 1
(A) Radiographs of 67-old-year woman with primary osteoarthritis of the hip joint. Note that the joint space narrowing of hip and marginal bony spurs. (B) An immediate postoperative radiograph shows good position and alignment of the cup and stem. (C) 9 years later postoperatively, Patient was free of pain and achieved full ROM in the hip joint and shows stable fixation of cup without osteolysis.
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Fig. 2
(A) Radiographs of 65-year-old-man with avascular necrosis of the femoral head secondary to chronic alcoholism. Note that the necrotic lesion occupies almost the entire femoral head. (B) An immediate postoperative radiograph shows good position and alignment of the cup and stem. (C) After 10 years later cementless total hip arthroplasty, he was free of pain and achieved full ROM in the hip joint and shows stable fixation of cup without osteolysis.
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Fig. 3
Kaplan-Meier estimate of survival of total hip prosthesis in months from the index surgery using revision for any reason as the end point.
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Table 1
Patient Demographic and Clinical Data by Group
jkhs-23-192-i001

SPSS statistical package (SPSS 17.0 Chicago, Illinois), Studenet T-test, Paired T-test

*p-value of <0.05 were considered the level of statistical significance difference.

Table 2
Radiologic Results (Acetabular Cup)
jkhs-23-192-i002

SPSS statistical package (SPSS 17.0 Chicago, Illinois), chi-square test, ANOVA

*p-value of <0.05 were considered the level of statistical significance difference.

Table 3
Radiologic Results (Femoral Stem)
jkhs-23-192-i003

SPSS statistical package (SPSS 17.0 Chicago, Illinois), chi-square test

*p-value of <0.05 were considered the level of statistical significance difference.

Table 4
Complications
jkhs-23-192-i004

SPSS statistical package (SPSS 17.0 Chicago, Illinois), chi-square test

*p-value of <0.05 were considered the level of statistical significance difference.

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