Journal List > Ann Dermatol > v.26(3) > 1045832

Ann Dermatol. 2014 Jun;26(3):401-402. English.
Published online June 12, 2014.  https://doi.org/10.5021/ad.2014.26.3.401
Copyright © 2014 The Korean Dermatological Association and The Korean Society for Investigative Dermatology
Regression of Melasma with Platelet-Rich Plasma Treatment
Mutlu Çayırlı, Ercan Çalışkan,1 Gürol Açıkgöz,1 Ahmet Hakan Erbil,1 and Güneş Ertürk2
Dermatology Service, Mevki Military Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.
1Department of Dermatology, Gulhane School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.
2MD Dermatology Clinic, Istanbul, Turkey.

Corresponding author: Mutlu Çayırlı, Mevki Military Hospital, Dermatology Service, Dışkapı- Altındağ, 06290 Ankara, Turkey. Tel: 90-537-620-76-79, Fax: 90-312-311-46-09, Email: mutlu78tr@yahoo.com
Received April 03, 2013; Revised May 11, 2013; Accepted May 29, 2013.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.



Dear Editor:

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) treatment is performed via the autologous injection of high concentration of platelets in a small volume of plasma1.

A 27-year-old woman presented at our dermato-cosmetology department for skin rejuvenation, as she had epidermal hyperpigmentation over the cheeks, perioral region, and forehead for about 5 years. PRP treatment was initiated and her face was injected with autologous PRP prepared by using RegenKit® (Regen Lab., Le Montsur-Lausanne, Switzerland). Before the treatment sessions, 8 ml of blood was collected from the patient into a special tube containing a separation gel and an anticoagulant. The tube was then centrifuged for 8 minutes at 3,500 rpm, and PRP was obtained from the upper part of the buffy coat. A 32-G needle was used for superficial microinjections via the mesotherapy technique, and the injections were administered in to the papillary dermis (1.5~2.0 mm deep). Approximately 1.5 ml of PRP was injected in to the dermis of the face at each session with 15-day intervals. At the end of the third session of PRP treatment, >80% reduction in epidermal hyperpigmentation was observed (Fig. 1, 2). We did not provide any other treatment or post treatment care besides prescribing the use of a sun-screen product. There has been no recurrence of melasma for 6 months now.


Fig. 1
Hyperpigmentation over the cheeks, perioral region, and forehead.
Click for larger image


Fig. 2
Significant regression in epidermal hyperpigmentation.
Click for larger image

PRP is commonly used in dermatology and plastic surgery, especially for treating chronic wounds, ulcers, and burns. In recent years, PRP has also started to be used in the field of cosmetology1. Volumetric filling, skin rejuvenation, acne scars, and alopecia are the main targets of PRP application in cosmetology1.

The most important contents of platelets are contained in the α-granules. There are >30 bioactive substances in these granules2. Some of the bioactive substances present in the α-granules include platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1, 2, epidermal growth factor, and mitogenic growth factors such as platelet-derived angiogenesis factor and fibrinogen3. To our knowledge, only TGF-β1 has been investigated about its relation with melanogenesis.

Kim et al.4 investigated the effects of TGF-β1 on melanogenesis by using a spontaneously immortalized mouse melanocyte cell line, and asserted that TGF-β1 significantly inhibits melanin synthesis in a concentration-dependent manner. They declared that TGF-β1 decreases melanogenesis via delayed extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation.

The pigmentary improvement that occurs with PRP treatment may be associated with the increase in skin volume. PDGF has a significant role in blood vessel formation and in the synthesis of collagen and components of the extracellular matrix, including hyaluronic acid. Hyaluronic acid has been shown to increase skin tone and volume, resulting in providing a more 'glowing skin'5.

Although, it is not possible to reach a definitive conclusion, we consider the regression of melasma after PRP treatment as an interesting finding. Controlled clinical trials are needed to confirm this preliminary observation.

References
1. Kim DH, Je YJ, Kim CD, Lee YH, Seo YJ, Lee JH, et al. Can platelet-rich plasma be used for skin rejuvenation? Evaluation of effects of platelet-rich plasma on human dermal fibroblast. Ann Dermatol 2011;23:424–431.
2. Eppley BL, Pietrzak WS, Blanton M. Platelet-rich plasma: a review of biology and applications in plastic surgery. Plast Reconstr Surg 2006;118:147e–159e.
3. Smyth SS, McEver RP, Weyrich AS, Morrell CN, Hoffman MR, Arepally GM, et al. 2009 Platelet Colloquium Participants. Platelet functions beyond hemostasis. J Thromb Haemost 2009;7:1759–1766.
4. Kim DS, Park SH, Park KC. Transforming growth factor-beta1 decreases melanin synthesis via delayed extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation. Int J Biochem Cell Biol 2004;36:1482–1491.
5. Papakonstantinou E, Roth M, Karakiulakis G. Hyaluronic acid: a key molecule in skin aging. Dermatoendocrinol 2012;4:253–258.