Journal List > J Korean Oncol Nurs > v.10(2) > 1044405

J Korean Oncol Nurs. 2010 Aug;10(2):171-179. Korean.
Published online August 31, 2010.  https://doi.org/10.5388/jkon.2010.10.2.171
Copyright © 2010 Korean Oncology Nursing Society
Effects of Progressive Muscle Relaxation on Nausea, Vomiting, Fatigue, Anxiety, and Depression in Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy
Young-Jae Kim,1 and Nam-Sook Seo2
1Professor, Chosun Nursing College, Gwangju, Korea.
2Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Dongshin University, Naju, Korea.

Address reprint requests to: Seo, Nam-Sook. Department of Nursing, Dongshin University, 252 Daeho-dong, Naju 520-714, Korea. Tel: 82-61-330-3583, Fax: 82-61-330-3519, Email: nsseo@dsu.ac.kr
Received June 17, 2010; Accepted August 02, 2010.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of progressive muscle relaxation on nausea, vomiting, fatigue, anxiety, and depression in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy.

Methods

This study was a quasi-experimental research using non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design. Data were collected from outpatients in a university hospital from April to August, 2009. There were 74 participants, 39 in the experimental group and 35 in the control group. The experimental group was given daily the progressive muscle relaxation for 20 min during three weeks. The structured questionnaire was used to measure nausea, vomiting, fatigue, anxiety, and depression. Data were analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 12.0 program, χ2-test, Fisher's exact test, t-test and ANCOVA were conducted to examine the homogeneity and the research hypotheses.

Results

There were statistically significant decreases in anxiety and depression in the experimental group compared to the control group. However, there were no significant differences in nausea, vomiting, and fatigue between the groups.

Conclusion

In this study, progressive muscle relaxation was effective in alleviating anxiety and depression of cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Therefore, progressive muscle relaxation can be usefully utilized as a nursing intervention that enhances psychological function of cancer patients.

Keywords: Relaxation; Nausea; Fatigue; Anxiety; Depression

Tables


Table 1
Homogeneity test of general characteristics
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Table 2
Homogeneity test of disease related characteristics
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Table 3
Homogeneity test of dependent variables
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Table 4
Comparison of changes in dependent variables between the experimental and control group
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