Journal List > Korean J Nutr > v.43(1) > 1043864

Korean J Nutr. 2010 Feb;43(1):86-96. Korean.
Published online February 28, 2010.  https://doi.org/10.4163/kjn.2010.43.1.86
© 2010 The Korean Nutrition Society
Comparison of Nutritional and Physical Status according to the Residental Type among College Women in Seoul Women's University and Sahmyook University
Kyung Soon Choi, Kyung Ok Shin, Seon Min Huh and Keun Hee Chung
Department of Food and Nutrition, Sahmyook University, Seoul 139-742, Korea.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. (Email: choiks@syu.ac.kr )
Received December 07, 2009; Revised January 05, 2010; Accepted February 02, 2010.

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of residence types (① parent house, ② dormitory or boarding home, ③ boarding home w/o food) on the dietary habits and health status of college women (20-23 y). Overall, 46.1% of college women reported that they were economically middle class and spent 200,000-390,000 won. Additionally, 17.4% of college women considered themselves healthy, while 33.8% reported that they were not healthy. Furthermore, 32.0% of college women had experience to control their weight and 39.8% reported that they exercised to control their weight. There were no significant differences in the height and weight of the subjects according to residential type, but the amount of skeletal muscles mass (21.0 ± 2.6 kg) of the subjects that lived in dormitory or boarding home was significantly higher (p < 0.05) than that of women who lived at home. Additionally, 30.8% of students that lived in private residences, 25.0% of students that dwelled in dormitory or boarding homes and 27.7% of students that boarding home w/o food had three regular meals every day (p < 0.05). It has been reported that 18.3% of college students eat processed and instant foods due to their convenience. In the present study, intakes of energy, protein, fat, vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B6, niacin, vitamin C, vitamin E and folic acid for the subjects who lived in dormitory or boarding homes was significantly higher than those of students who lived in private residences (p < 0.05). Additionally, intakes of iron, calcium, and zinc were lower in the subjects that boarding home w/o food (p < 0.05). Finally, the blood glucose level was 84.7 ± 13.0 mg/dL, and differed significantly by residential types (p < 0.05); however, the average glucose levels of all subjects were within the normal range (90-110 mg/dL).

Keywords: health; eating habits; nutrient intakes; glucose level

Tables


Table 1
Classification of subjects characteristics and health condition by residence type
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Table 2
Anthropometric characteristics of subjects by residence type
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Table 3
Eating habits of college women by residence type
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Table 4
Nutrient intakes calculated by food frequency questionnaire
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Table 5
Assessment of glucose level, blood pressure and pulse college women
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Notes

This paper was supported by the Sahmyook University Research Fund in 2009.

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