Journal List > Korean J Nutr > v.43(1) > 1043852

Kang, Cho, Lee, Sung, Park, Paek, and Choi: The Effects of a Worksite On-line Health Education Program on Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factors and Nutrient Intakes of Male Workers

Abstract

Worksite health promotion programs have been associated with reductions in health risks but are labor-intensive and costly to implement. Therefore, innovative strategies to provide a cost-effective approach to health education program are needed. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a worksite on-line health education program by e-mail on metabolic syndrome risk factors and dietary intakes in male workers with metabolic syndrome. Anthropometric and biochemical parameters were measured and the nutrient intakes were assessed through FFQ. The diagnosis of metabolic syndrome was adapted from NCEP-ATP III with blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, triglyceride, HDL cholesterol, and Asia-Pacific definition with waist circumference. The education group consisted of 212 male workers and the non-education group of 236 age-matched male workers. The on-line health education program provided 10 sessions by e-mail. After a worksite on-line health education program, systolic blood pressure (p < 0.001), diastolic blood pressure (p < 0.001) and fasting blood glucose (p < 0.001) were significantly decreased and HDL cholesterol (p < 0.001) was significantly increased in the education group. Intakes of total energy (p < 0.05), carbohydrate (p < 0.05), sodium (p < 0.05) were significantly decreased in the education group, but there were no significant differences in dietary intakes in the non-education group after a worksite on-line health education program. The results indicate that online health education program by e-mail is effective for improving metabolic syndrome risk factors and dietary intakes in male workers and show potential for use in the working setting.

Figures and Tables

Fig. 1
Process of the on-line health education program.
kjn-43-57-g001
Table 1
The homogeneity of general characteristics in subjects
kjn-43-57-i001

1) Measured by Chi-square or independent t-test, 2) Mean ± S.D., 3) n (%)

Table 2
Changes of anthropometric index and metabolic syndrome markers before and after on-line health education program
kjn-43-57-i002

1) Mean ± S.D., 2) Difference = after-before

3) Measured by paired t-test

4) Measured by independent t-test between non-education group and education group before on-line health education program

5) Measured by ANCOVA with before as covariate

Table 3
Changes of dietary intakes before and after on-line health education program
kjn-43-57-i003

1) Mean ± S.D., 2) Difference = after-before

3) Measured by paired t-test

4) Measured by independent t-test between non-education group and education group before on-line health education program

5) Measured by ANCOVA with before as covariate, 6) Carbohydrate: Protein: Fat ratio: % of total energy intake excluding alcohol

Table 4
Changes of anthropometric index and metabolic syndrome markers according to the number of on-line health education program in education group
kjn-43-57-i004

1) Mean ± S.D., 2) Measured by paired t-test, 3) Measured by ANOVA, 4) Measured by ANCOVA with before as covariate

5) Values with different letters within a row are significantly different at p < 0.05 by Duncan post hoc test

Table 5
Changes of dietary intakes according to the number of on-line health education program in education group
kjn-43-57-i005

1) Mean ± S.D., 2) Measured by paired t-test

3) Measured by ANOVA, 4) Measured by ANCOVA with before as covariate

5) Values with different letters within a row are significantly different at p < 0.05 by Duncan post hoc test

*: Significant difference exists among all three groups at p < 0.05 by ANCOVA with Duncan post hoc test

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