Journal List > Korean J Orthod > v.38(6) > 1043569

Kim, Hong, and Hwang: Changes in surface content and crystal structure after fluoride gel or hydroxyapatite paste application on stripped enamel

Abstract

Objective

The aim of this study was to evaluate the remineralization of interdentally stripped teeth after fluoride gel or hydroxyapatite paste application.

Methods

After interdental stripping, 1.23% fluoride gel or 10% hydroxyapatite paste was applied three times a day, with a duration of four minutes, for a week. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) were used to compare the change of surface contents and crystal structures before and after the application of fluoride gel or hydroxyapatite paste.

Results

EDS analysis indicated that calcium contents were increased after 10% HAp paste application on stripped enamel (p < 0.01). SEM view showed that enamel surfaces in groups of 1.23% APF gel or 10% HAp paste application were smoother than those of control group, which was regarded as filling of the pore structure. And pores between crystal structures in groups treated with 1.23% APF gel or 10% HAp paste were smaller than those of control group.

Conclusions

Application of APF or HAp on stripped enamel could positively influence on the surface contents or crystal structure.

Figures and Tables

Fig 1
Surface appearance change of stripped enamel 7 days after acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) gel application (SEM micrograph, × 250). A, Stripped enamel; B, 7 days after 1.23% APF gel application.
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Fig 2
Crystal structure change of stripped enamel 7 days after acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) gel application (SEM micrograph, × 50 k). A, Stripped enamel; B, 7 days after 1.23% APF gel application.
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Fig 3
Surface appearance change of stripped enamel 7 days after 10% hydroxy apatite (HAp) paste application (SEM micrograph, × 250). A, Stripped enamel; B, 7 days after 10% HAp paste application.
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Fig 4
Crystal structure change of stripped enamel 7 days after 10% hydroxy apatite (HAp) paste application (SEM micrograph, × 50 k). A, Stripped enamel; B, 7 days after 10% HAp paste application.
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Fig 5
Quantitative evaluation of the enamel surface by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS).
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Table 1
Mineral content change (weight %) of stripped enamel 7 days after acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) gel application
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Table 2
Mineral content change (weight %) of stripped enamel 7 days after hydroxy apatite (HAp) paste application
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Statistal significance by paired t-test (p < 0.01).

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