Journal List > Korean J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr > v.14(Suppl 1) > 1043541

Shim: Underweight in Adolescents

Abstract

There are few studies of underweight in adolescents in Korea and other developed countries. According to the recent surveillance in Korea, prevalence of underweight in adolescents is lower than those in developing countries, and higher than those in developed countries in Northern Europe. This article reviews the problems, diagnosis, and nutritional support of underweight in adolescents.

Figures and Tables

Fig. 1
Prevalence of underweight in Korean school-age children (2009).
kjpgn-14-S55-g001
Table 1
Schofield Equations for Calculating Basal Metabolic Rate in Children
kjpgn-14-S55-i001

REE: Cal/day, W: weight (kg), H: height (cm). Adapted from Scofield W; Predicting basal metabolic rate, new standard and review of previous work, Hum Nutr Clin Nutr 39C:5-41, 1985.

Table 2
Basal Metabolic Rate
kjpgn-14-S55-i002

Altam PL, Dittner DS (eds.): Metabolism. Bethesda: Federation of American societies for experimental biology. 1968.

References

1. Rosenn DW, Stein LL, Jura MB. Differentiation of organic from nonorganic failure to thrive syndrome in infancy. Pediatrics. 1980. 66:698.
2. Moon JH, Kim JY, Beck NS. Clinical manifestation of children with failure to thrive. Korean J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2000. 3:68–74.
3. Wang Y, Monteiro C, Popkon B. Trend of obesity and unerweight in older children and adolescents in the United States, Brazil, China and Russia. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002. 75:971–977.
4. Yngve A, Bourdeaudhuij I, Wolf A, Grjibovski A, Brug J, Due P, et al. Differences in prevalence of overweight and stunting in 11-year old across Europe. Eur J Public Health. 2008. 18:126–130.
5. Kelishadi R, Ardalan G, Ghelratmand R, Majdzadeh R, Hosseini M, Gouya MM, et al. Thinness, overweight and obesity in a national sample of Iranian children and adolescents. Child Care Health Dev. 2008. 34:44–54.
6. 2008 National health statistics. Korean Center for Disease Control and Prevention. http://knhanes.cdc.go.kr/.
7. Lee Y, Shin HK, Choi BM, Eun BL, Park SH, Lee KH, et al. A survey of body shape perception and weight contol of adolescent girls in three areas of Korea. Korean J Pediatr. 2008. 51:134–144.
8. Shim JO. 2009 Statistics of school health examination survey. 2009. Ministry of Education, Science and Technology;63–69.
9. Rho YI, Kim KH, Yang ES, Park YB, Park SK, Park J, et al. Prevalence of obesity and its relationship to diet on elementary students. Korean J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2000. 3:181–187.
10. Panagiotopoulos C, McKrindle BW, Hick K, Katzman DK. Electrocardiographic findings in adolescents with eating disorders. Pediatrics. 2000. 105:1100–1105.
11. Lo Sauro C, Ravaldi C, Cabras PL, Faravelli C. Stress, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and eating disorders. Neuropsychobiology. 2008. 57:95–115.
12. Rosen DS. Clinical report-Identification and management of eating disorders in children and adolescents. Pediatrics. 2010. 126:1240–1253.
13. Kim YH. Pediatric medical nutrition. 2007. Seoul: Korea Medical;269–282.
14. Mehler PS, Winkelman AB, Andersen DM, Gaudiani JL. Nutritional rehabilitation: practical guidelines for refeeding the anorectic patient. J Nutr Metab. 2010. 1–7. Epub.
15. Peterson KE, Washington J, Rathbun JM. Team management of failure to thrive. J Am Diet Assoc. 1984. 84:810–815.
16. Abrams SA. Dietary guidelines for calcium and vitamin D: a new era. Pediatrics. 2011. 127:566–568.
TOOLS
Similar articles