Journal List > Korean J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr > v.14(Suppl 1) > 1043541

Korean J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2011 Dec;14(Suppl 1):S55-S60. Korean.
Published online December 31, 2011.  https://doi.org/10.5223/kjpgn.2011.14.Suppl1.S55
Copyright © 2011 The Korean Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition
Underweight in Adolescents
Jung Ok Shim, M.D.
Department of Pediatrics, Kangwon National University School of Medicine, Chuncheon, Korea.

Corresponding author (Email: shimjo1@hanmail.net )
Received December 13, 2011; Revised December 23, 2011; Accepted December 26, 2011.

Abstract

There are few studies of underweight in adolescents in Korea and other developed countries. According to the recent surveillance in Korea, prevalence of underweight in adolescents is lower than those in developing countries, and higher than those in developed countries in Northern Europe. This article reviews the problems, diagnosis, and nutritional support of underweight in adolescents.

Keywords: Underweight; Adolescent

Figures


Fig. 1
Prevalence of underweight in Korean school-age children (2009).
Click for larger image

Tables


Table 1
Schofield Equations for Calculating Basal Metabolic Rate in Children
Click for larger image


Table 2
Basal Metabolic Rate
Click for larger image

References
1. Rosenn DW, Stein LL, Jura MB. Differentiation of organic from nonorganic failure to thrive syndrome in infancy. Pediatrics 1980;66:698.
2. Moon JH, Kim JY, Beck NS. Clinical manifestation of children with failure to thrive. Korean J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2000;3:68–74.
3. Wang Y, Monteiro C, Popkon B. Trend of obesity and unerweight in older children and adolescents in the United States, Brazil, China and Russia. Am J Clin Nutr 2002;75:971–977.
4. Yngve A, Bourdeaudhuij I, Wolf A, Grjibovski A, Brug J, Due P, et al. Differences in prevalence of overweight and stunting in 11-year old across Europe. Eur J Public Health 2008;18:126–130.
5. Kelishadi R, Ardalan G, Ghelratmand R, Majdzadeh R, Hosseini M, Gouya MM, et al. Thinness, overweight and obesity in a national sample of Iranian children and adolescents. Child Care Health Dev 2008;34:44–54.
6. 2008 National health statistics. Korean Center for Disease Control and Prevention.
7. Lee Y, Shin HK, Choi BM, Eun BL, Park SH, Lee KH, et al. A survey of body shape perception and weight contol of adolescent girls in three areas of Korea. Korean J Pediatr 2008;51:134–144.
8. Shim JO. In: 2009 Statistics of school health examination survey. Ministry of Education, Science and Technology; 2009. pp. 63-69.
9. Rho YI, Kim KH, Yang ES, Park YB, Park SK, Park J, et al. Prevalence of obesity and its relationship to diet on elementary students. Korean J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2000;3:181–187.
10. Panagiotopoulos C, McKrindle BW, Hick K, Katzman DK. Electrocardiographic findings in adolescents with eating disorders. Pediatrics 2000;105:1100–1105.
11. Lo Sauro C, Ravaldi C, Cabras PL, Faravelli C. Stress, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and eating disorders. Neuropsychobiology 2008;57:95–115.
12. Rosen DS. Clinical report-Identification and management of eating disorders in children and adolescents. Pediatrics 2010;126:1240–1253.
13. Kim YH. In: Pediatric medical nutrition. Seoul: Korea Medical; 2007. pp. 269-282.
14. Mehler PS, Winkelman AB, Andersen DM, Gaudiani JL. Nutritional rehabilitation: practical guidelines for refeeding the anorectic patient. J Nutr Metab 2010:1–7.
Epub.
15. Peterson KE, Washington J, Rathbun JM. Team management of failure to thrive. J Am Diet Assoc 1984;84:810–815.
16. Abrams SA. Dietary guidelines for calcium and vitamin D: a new era. Pediatrics 2011;127:566–568.