Journal List > Korean J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr > v.14(1) > 1043518

Korean J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2011 Mar;14(1):33-44. Korean.
Published online March 31, 2011.  https://doi.org/10.5223/kjpgn.2011.14.1.33
Copyright © 2011 The Korean Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition
The Importance of Nutritional Assessment and Dietary Counseling in Infants and Young Children with Common Illnesses
Su Jin Jeong, M.D.
Department of Pediatrics, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University, Seongnam, Korea.

Corresponding author (Email: jinped@cha.ac.kr )
Received March 05, 2011; Revised March 15, 2011; Accepted March 17, 2011.

Abstract

The influence of nutrition during early life on physical growth as well as mental development has been thoroughly discussed in the literature. The physical dimensions of the body are greatly influenced by nutrition, particularly during the period of rapid growth in early childhood. Nutritional status affects every pediatric patient's response toillness. Good nutrition is important for achieving normal growth and development. It is indicated that permanent impairment of the central nervous system may result from dietary restriction of imbalance during certain periods of life. If children under 3 years of age show a good nutritional status, it may be assumed that they are well nourished. Several common diseases of children such as iron deficiency, chronic constipation and atopic dermatitis are known food related diseases. Patients with chronic illness and those at risk of malnutrition should have detailed nutritional assessments done. Components of a complete nutritional assessment include a medical history, nutritional history including dietary intake, physical examination, anthropometrics (weight, length or stature, head circumference, midarm circumference, and triceps skinfold thickness), pubertal staging, skeletal maturity staging, and biochemical tests of nutritional status. The use of age, gender, and disease-specific growth charts is essential in assessing nutritional status and monitoring nutrition interventions. Nutrition assessment and dietary counseling is helpful for the cure of disease, and moreover, the prevention of illness.

Keywords: Nutritional assessment; Dietary counseling; Child

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