Journal List > Korean J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr > v.13(Suppl 1) > 1043487

Moon: Current Nutritional Status of Korean Adolescents and Countermeasures

Abstract

The importance of healthier nutrition and lifestyle in children and adolescents is growing more and more nowadays in the era of exponential increase of chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, hypertension and hyperlipidemia. But the situation of the adolescent nutrition in Korea looks no so good. According to the several recent surveys in Korea, 67% increase in obesity during the past decade was striking. Prevalence of wasting in school girls was increasing, which were accompanied by high prevalence of eating disorder prone factors. Unhealthy eating behavior and selective deficiency of nutrient intake were common. Calcium and potassium were the most common deficient minerals of adolescents, whose usual dietary intake was below Korean Recommended Guidelines. To meet the upcoming challenges of nutrition in adolescence, we should prepare the new multidisciplinary policy including healthier school nutrition environment and enrollment of the health care clinics or hospitals as primary prevention providers.

Figures and Tables

Fig. 1
Recent rates of low body mass index in high school girls (below 5 percentiles according to 2007 Korean Standards) suggest increment tendency of inappropriate weight control in school girls. Analysis was based on 2007~2008 school health examination data in Korea.
kjpgn-13-S10-g001
Fig. 2
Percentages of children and adolescents, aged 7~12 and 13~19, whose usual dietary intake below Korean Recommended Guidelines for energy, selected vitamins and minerals were very high (data from the Third Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey).
kjpgn-13-S10-g002
Table 1
Selected Data from Korea Youth Health Risk Behavior Online Survey (2007)
kjpgn-13-S10-i001
Table 2
Dietary Guidelines for Adolescents in Korea (2009, unofficially translated by author of this article)
kjpgn-13-S10-i002

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