Journal List > J Korean Med Assoc > v.50(11) > 1041962

Chai: Emerging Parasitic Diseases in Korea


Parasitic diseases of the Korean people have remarkably changed in terms of the kinds of major parasites and the prevalence of each parasite species. In particular, after the 1970∼ 80s, the prevalence of soil?transmitted nematode infections became very low, and instead, those diseases that had been veiled by the soil?transmitted nematodes became unveiled and attention is paid to these parasitic infections. It is also of note that various kinds of new parasitic infections emerged, and malaria that disappeared in the late 1970s re?emerged after 1993. The number of parasite species that emerged or re?emerged since 1980 is at least 36 species. Among them, protozoan species include Acanthamoeba spp., Babesia spp., Plasmodium vivax, Cryptos-poridium hominis, and Cryptosporidium parvum. Nematode species are Capillaria hepatica, Toxocara canis, Toxocara cati, Ancylostoma caninum, Ancylostoma braziliense, Mammo-monogamus laryngeus, Pseudoterranova decipiens, Trichinella spiralis, and Capillaria philippinensis. The emerged trematode species include Centrocestus armatus, Stictodora lari, Heterophyopsis continua, Metagonimus miyatai, Plagiorchis vespertilionis, Neodiplostomum seoulense, Stellantchasmus falcatus, Heterophyes nocens, Echinostoma cinetorchis, Clinostomum complanatum, Echinochasmus japonicus, Stictodora fuscata, Plagiorchis muris, Gymnophalloides seoi, Pygidiopsis summa, Metagonimus takahashii, Acanthoparyphium tyosenense, and Echinostoma hortense. Cestode species newly reported from humans are Spirometra erinacei, Taenia asiatica, Diphyllobothrium yonagoense, and Mesocestoides lineatus. Most of these species are, with the exception of P. vivax and several others, food?borne parasites. For prevention of these parasitic infections, consumption of well?cooked food is essential.


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Table 1.
Parasites reported from humans after 1980 in the Republic of Korea and the source of infection
Year Parasite species (common name) Infection source
1980 Echinostomacinetorchis (이전고환극구흡충) loach, large snail
Ί98Ί Heterophyesnocens (유해이형흡충) mullet, goby
1981 Pygidiopsissumma (표주박이형흡충) mullet, goby
1982 Neodiplostomumseoulense (서울주걱흡충) snake, frog
1983 Echinostomahortense fresh water fish, loach
1984 Spirometraerinacei (만손열두조충) snake, frog
1984 Stellantchasmusfalcatus (수세□ 101 형흡충) mullet, goby
1984 Heterophyopsiscontinua (긴이형흡충) perch
1984 Pseudoterranovadecipiens (물개회충) seafish, codfish
1985 Echinochasmusjaponicus (일본극구흡충) fresh water fish, carps
1986 Toxocara spp. (개회충,고양이회충) polluted soil, vegetables
1988 Stictodorafuscata (자루이형흡충) mullet, goby
1988 Centrocestusarmatus (7) ■ 시입01형흡충) fresh water fish, minnow
1988 Diphyllobothriumyonagoense (요나고열두조충) seafish
1991 Babesiaspp. (바베스열원충) tick
1992 Mesocestoideslineatus (유선조충) chicken, snake
1992 Acanthamoeba spp. (가시아메바) contactlens and container
Ί993 Taeniaasiatica (아시아조충) pigliver
Ί993 Capillariahepatica (간모세선충) catfeces
1993 Plamodium vivax (삼일열원충) anopheline mosquito
Ί993 Capillariaphilippinensis (장모세선충) fresh water fish
1993 Gymnophalloidesseoi (참굴큰입흡충) oyster
1993 Cryptosporidiumparvum (작은와포자충) polluted water, cattle feces
1995 Clinostomumcomplanatum (인두흡충) fresh water fish
1995 Ancylostomaspp. (개구충,고양이구충) polluted soil
1996 Plagiorchismuris (쥐비스듬고환흡충) fresh water fish, naiads of dragonfly
1997 Metagonimustakahashii (타긋! · 하·시흡충) fresh water fish, carps
1997 Metagonimusmiyatai (미0 는타흡충) common minnow
1997 Trichinellaspiralis (선모충) pig, wild animals (muscle, viscera)
1998 Mammomonogamuslaryngeus (교합선중) wild animals
2001 Acanthoparyphiumtyosenense (한국극구§) mud bivalve, gastropod
2002 Stictodoralari (갈매기이 형흡충) mullet, goby
2006 Cryptosporidiumhominis (사람와포자충) polluted water, human-human
207 Plagiorchis verpertilionis (베스퍼티 리 온비 스듬:환흡충) insect(?)
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