Journal List > Korean J Community Nutr > v.18(3) > 1038417

Korean J Community Nutr. 2013 Jun;18(3):257-268. Korean.
Published online June 30, 2013.  https://doi.org/10.5720/kjcn.2013.18.3.257
Copyright © 2013 The Korean Society of Community Nutrition
Evaluation of Nutrient Intake and Meal Variety with Breakfast Eating in Korean Adolescents: Analysis of Data from the 2008~2009 National Health and Nutrition Survey
Yun-Jung Bae
Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, Hanbuk University, Gyeonggi, Korea.

Corresponding author: Yun Jung Bae, Hanbuk University, 233-1, Sangpae-dong, Dongducheon-si, Gyeonggi-do 483-777, Korea. Tel: (031) 860-1445, Fax: (031) 860-1449, Email: byj@hanbuk.ac.kr
Received February 05, 2013; Revised April 02, 2013; Accepted April 30, 2013.

This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate nutrient intake and meal variety with breakfast eating in Korean adolescents using data from the 2008-2009 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The analysis included 1245 adolescents aged 12 to 18 years. The subjects were divided into two groups according to breakfast skipping (BS: breakfast skipping, n = 235, BE: breakfast eating, n = 1110). The BS group was significantly higher in its frequency of eating soda drinks, instant noodle, and ice cream than the BE group. The BS group consumed significantly lower quantities of plant calcium and plant protein per 1,000 kcal compared to the BE group. Also the intake of cereal and vegetables in the BS group was significantly lower than those in the BE group, however, the intake of beverage in the BS group was significantly higher than that in the BE group. The average number of foods of the BE and BS groups were 29.50 and 25.85, respectively and revealed a statistical significance (p < 0.0001). The snack intake and % energy from snack intake of the BS group were significantly higher than those of the BE group. Also, the fasting blood glucose concentrations were significantly higher in the BS group compared to the BE group. In conclusion, adolescents who skip breakfast may have lower meal variety and higher blood glucose concentrations. Therefore, in support of proper dietary management, it is necessary to promote and encourage breakfast eating.

Keywords: breakfast eating; nutrient intake; meal variety; adolescents

Tables


Table 1
General characteristics of the subjects
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Table 2
Dietary habits of the subjects
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Table 3
Food frequency of the subjects
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Table 4
Dietary intakes of the subjects
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Table 5
The percent of the subjects consumed under EAR of the subjects
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Table 6
Food intakes from each food group of the subjects
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Table 7
Food scores from each food group of the subjects
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Table 8
Energy intake and variety according to different meals and snack of the subjects
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Table 9
Blood metabolic parameters of the subjects
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