Journal List > Korean J Women Health Nurs > v.18(1) > 1037315

Kim: Menopausal Symptoms according to Sasang Constitution and Menopausal Status among Perimenopause Women



The purpose of this study was to address the difference menopausal symptoms according to sasang constitution and menopausal status among perimenopausal women.


Data for this cross-sectional study was collected by administering questionnaires that elicited general information. The menopause rating scale (MRS) and Questionnaire for the Sasang Constitution Classification II (QSCC II) was given to 284 perimenopausal women who met the eligibility criteria and agreed to participate in the study.


The study subjects were composed of 27.5% so-yangin, 24.6% so-eumin, 18.7% tae-eumin, and 29.6% undefined category. The total MRS and all subscales were significantly higher for postmenopausal women in comparison to premenopausal women. Especially, so-eumin and tae-eumin displayed significantly higher scores in urogenital symptoms. The MRS score in postmenopausal women who belonged to the group of tae-eumin and so-eumin was significantly higher than those for premenopausal women. However, so-yangin displayed higher scores in psychological and urogenital symptoms than tae-eumin for premenopausal women. So-eumin presented significantly higher scores in urogenital symptoms in comparison to the undefined category for postmenopausal women.


These findings suggest that sasang constitution could be an important factor in understanding the woman's menopausal symptoms and identify the best treatment.

Figures and Tables

Figure 1
Menopause Rating Scale (MRS) - urogenital symptoms according to sasang types and menopausal status.
Table 1
General Characteristics and Sasang Constitution of Participants (N=284)
Table 2
Level of Menopausal Symptoms according to Sociodemographic Factors (N=284)

Post-hoc test.

Table 3
Menopausal Symptoms according to Sasang Types and Menopausal Status (N=284)

*p<.05; **p<.01; ***p<.001.

MRS=menopause rating scale; MS=menopausal status; ST=Sasang types.

Differences in MRS between premenopausal group and postmenopausal group; Differences in MRS among Sasang types.


This work was supported by the Semyung Universityy Research Grant of 2010.


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