Journal List > Korean J Women Health Nurs > v.17(4) > 1037294

Kim and Kim: Predictors of Successful Aging in Korean Older Women Based on Successful Aging Theory (SAT)



The purpose of this study was to explore predictors of successful aging in older Korean women based on a recent mid-range nursing theory, the Successful Aging Theory (SAT).


This study utilized a descriptive correlational design. The convenience sample was composed of 174 older women living in the community. Successful aging was measured using the Successful Aging Inventory (SAI). Transcendence was measured using the Self-transcendence Scale (STS). Adaptation was measured using the Coping behavior scale. Stepwise multiple regression was used to identify significant predictors of successful aging.


Transcendence, adaptation, and religion were shown to be predictive of successful aging. This regression model explained 56% of the variance in successful aging. The factor with the highest influence was transcendence which explained 52% of the variance.


Gerotranscendence-promoting interventions can be an important consideration in caring for older Korean women. Adaptation and spirituality should be included in a holistic aging care.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
The Difference of Successful Aging according to General Characteristics of Subjects (N=174)

Scheffe test.

Table 2
The Differences of Successful Aging according to the Characteristics related to Subjects' Health (N=174)
Table 3
Descriptive Statistics of the Variables
Table 4
Correlations among Variables
Table 5
Multiple Regression for Successful Aging

R=.75 R2=.57 Adj R2 =.56


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