Journal List > Korean J Women Health Nurs > v.17(2) > 1037271

Ko, Kim, Kim, and Chang: Mammography Screening according to Breast Cancer Disease and Social Network Characteristics of Married Korean Women



This study was done to examine differences in mammography screening according to breast cancer and social network characteristic.


Data were collected from 187 married women 35 years and older who were using public health centers, health promotion centers, cultural centers, obstetrics and gynecology hospitals or other relevant community sites. Data were collected between October 24 and December 4, 2008. Data were analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 15.0 program.


The participation rate for mammography screening was 35.3%. The following general and breast cancer characteristics showed statistically significant differences: religion, family incomes, regular medical-care, general health examinations during past 2 years, and history of breast disease. The following social network characteristics showed statistically significant differences: social norms and subjective norms. Using logistic regression analysis, regular medical-care, breast cancer risk appraisal, social norm, and subjective norms were highly predictive of subsequent mammography.


The results of this study indicate that it is important to develop and provide tailored intervention programs through integrated socially mediated programs. By consciously including social network and support systems, breast cancer detection efforts would not end as a one-time event, but naturally build on network structure of adults women, thus facilitating regular mammography screening.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
Mammography by Demographic Characteristics (N=187)
Table 2
Characteristics related Breast Cancer (N=187)
Table 3
Mammography by Demographic Characteristics (N=187)
Table 4
Mammography by Characteristics related Breast Cancer (N=187)
Table 5
Mammography by Social Network Characteristics (N=185)

n=140, never done(n=77), done(n=63).

Table 6
Pearson's Correlation Coefficient between Breast Cancer and Social Network Characteristics

SSN1=Subjective norm 1, Network members approved of mammography; SSN2=Subjective norm 2, Recommendation by network member.

*p<.05; **p<.01.

Table 7
Logistic Regression to Predict Mammography Screening (N=187)

OR=odds ratio, CI=confidence interval.


This article is a revision of the first author's master's thesis from Yonsei University.


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