Journal List > Korean J Women Health Nurs > v.17(1) > 1037265

Park and Lee: Effects of Integrated Menopause Management Program for Middle Aged Woman



The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of integrated menopause management program derived theoretical framework of King (1981)'s goal attainment theory model for middle aged women.


This research was a nonequivalent control group non-synchronized design. The subjects of this study were 37 middle aged women in Busan and experiencing menopause; 17 for the experimental group and 20 for the control group. Experimental group was educated for 1 hour group interchange activity and five minutes individual interchange activity, once a week during 8 weeks. Measurement for comparison were taken two times, at baseline, 8wks. The effects were evaluated with menopause symptom, menopause knowledge, menopause attitude and menopause management.


The experimental group was significantly lower than control group on menopause symptom (F=5.936, p=.010) and higher than control group on menopause knowledge (F=12.031, p=.001) and menopause management (F=5.861, p=.010) after integrated menopause management program. However integrated menopause management program did not make significant differences on menopause attitude (F=0.105, p=.374).


Results indicate that integrated menopause management program could be an effective intervention decreasing menopause symptom and for increasing menopause knowledge, menopause management in middle aged women.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
Integrated Menopause Management Program
Table 2
Homogeneity Test on Demographic Characteristics
Table 3
Homogeneity Test on Outcome Variables at Pretest (N=37)
Table 4
Group Differences of Integrated Menopause Management Program on Menopause Symptom, Menopause Knowledge, Menopause Attitude and Menopause Management

Note. ANCOVA after controlling for self-efficacy were used to influence dependent variables.


This article is a condensed form of the first author's doctoral thesis from Kosin University.


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