Journal List > Korean J Women Health Nurs > v.16(1) > 1037243

Lee, Yeo, Ahn, Lee, Yang, and Han: Postpartum Depressive Score and Related Factors Pre- and Post-delivery



This study aimed to identify the scores of postpartum depression(PPD) on the first day, 1st week, and 6th week after the delivery and to explore their related factors before and after delivery in postpartum women.


With a survey design, 293 postpartum women were recruited from a postpartum unit, Ilsin Christian hospital in Pusan via convenience sampling and were followed at 1st week and 6th week in the outpatient clinic.


Results showed that the scores of PPD(EPDS score) were low at postpartum 1st day, 1st week and 6th week but prevalence of PPD(EPDS ≥13) was 3.1% at 1st day, 8.2% at 1st week and 7.5% at 6th week, respectively. The pre-delivery factors were experience of depression, and the post-delivery factors were baby's sex(1st day), no caregiver for baby(1st week), and no help and concern for taking care of baby from husband and family(1st day and 6th week). The greater satisfaction with becoming a mother and her life, and greater maternal attachment were related to lower level of PPD at the three time points.


Regular screening for postpartum depression and supportive and informative education is needed for postpartum women visiting the outpatient clinic for follow-up.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
Prevalence of PPD and Mean of Postpartum Depressive Score at Three Time

PPD=postpartum depression (a score higher than 13 of EDPS); PP=postpartum.

Table 2
General Characteristics of Subjects (N=293)
Table 3
Differences in Pre-delivery Factors by Postpartum Depressive Scores Over Time (N=293)

EBS=expectation of baby's sex; ED=experience of depression; RM=relationship of mother; PE=prenatal education; CP =complication at pregnancy.

Table 4
Differences in Post-delivery Factors by Postpartum Depressive Scores Over Time

Cp=complication at postpartum ; HP=health status at postpartum; CBH=concern with baby of husband; TBH=taking care of baby with husband; TBF=taking care of baby with family members.

Table 5
Correlations between Factors and Postpartum Depressive Scores at Three Time (N=293)


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