Journal List > Korean J Women Health Nurs > v.15(1) > 1037216

Korean J Women Health Nurs. 2009 Mar;15(1):5-12. Korean.
Published online March 31, 2009.  https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2009.15.1.5
Copyright © 2009 Korean Academy of Women's Health Nursing
Effect of Rooming-in of New Mothers on Breast Feeding Rate
Hee Jung Wang,1 and Il Ok Kim2
1Lecturer of Sahmyook University, Korea.
2Associate Professor of Department of Nursing, Sahmyook University, Korea.

Address reprint requests to: Kim, Il Ok(Corresponding Author). Department of Nursing, Sahmyook University 26-11 Gongreung-Dong, Nowon-Ku, Seoul, Korea. Tel: 82-2-3399-1587, Fax: 82-2-3399-1594, C.P: 82-11-9948-6277, Email: kimio@syu.ac.kr
Received July 28, 2008; Accepted February 28, 2009.

Abstract

Purpose

This study was done to identify that Rooming-in of new mothers have an influence on continuous breast feeding.

Method

This is a comparative survey study which was done by self reported questionnaire and telephone contacts. The subjects are collected from two groups which consist of 29 in Rooming-in group and 24 in Non-Rooming-in group respectively. The data were collected method of this study was lists of given to mothers while they were in the hospital and interviews by telephone were done at their home 3 months and 6 months after delivery.

Result

The results of this study were as follows: 1. The rates of breast feeding were 79.3% in the Rooming-in group and 41.7% in the non-Rooming-in group after 3 months. There was a statistically significant difference between the two groups(χ2=10.217, p=.009). 2. The rates of breast feeding were 69.0% in the Rooming-in group and 29.2% in the Non-Rooming-in group at 6 months. There was a statistically significant difference between the two groups(χ2=10.310, p=.012).

Conclusion

Rooming-in system provoke an increase of the breast feeding rate in new mothers and encourage them to keep breast feeding. In addition, it would be desirable that hospitals apply Rooming-in system actively and encourage new mothers to breast feed for 24 hours a day. It could be make breast feeding successful.

Keywords: New mother; Rooming-in; Breast feeding

Tables


Table 1
Personal characteristics rooming-in and non rooming-in group (N=53)
Click for larger image


Table 2
Obstetrical characteristics rooming-in and non rooming-in group (N=53)
Click for larger image


Table 3
3 month later breast feeding rate rooming-in and non rooming-in group (N=53)
Click for larger image


Table 4
6 month later breast feeding rate rooming-in and non rooming-in group (N=53)
Click for larger image

References
1. Chang I.S. In: Development of network model for new mother's role. Seoul: Chungang University; 2001.
Unpublished doctoral dissertation.
2. Greenberg M., Lind I.R. First mothers rooming-in with their newborns: Its impact upon the mother. Amer J orthopsychiat 1973;43(5):783–788.
3. Hwang M.S. In: Effect of rooming-in on maternal role and breast-feeding. Seoul: Seoul National University; 1996.
Unpublished master's thesis.
4. Hwang W.J. In: The study on decision factor of breast-feeding- the focus on data of a whole country delivery capacity and research on the actual condition of family health in 2000-. Seoul: Yonsei University; 2003.
Unpublished master's thesis.
5. Im B.D., Park J.H. In: Management state of baby friendly hospital initiative and change in breast feeding rate. 12th. Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health; 2002. pp. 49-50.
6. Kang K.H. Study research about actual condition of breast feeding after rooming-in of general hospital. J Pusan Nurses Association 2001;31:24–41.
7. Kim S.K., Joe A.J., Kim Y.K., Park S.K., Lee K.W. In: A whole country delivery capacity and research on the actual condition of family health in 2003. Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs; 2004.
8. Kim E.S. In: The effect of rooming in on maternal attitude and self confidence for infant care. Seoul: Seoul National University; 2000.
Unpublished master's thesis.
9. Kim Y.M. In: Effect of breast feeding empowerment program to complete breast feeding. Seoul: Seoul National University; 2006.
Unpublished doctoral dissertation.
10. Kwak Y.H., Han O.S., Kim H.S. Survey of breast feeding rate of roomnig in system. Clinical Nursing Researh 1998;4(2):71–89.
11. Lawrence P.B. BREAST MILK: Best source of nutrition for term and preterm infants. Pediatric Clinics of North Am 1995;41:925–941.
12. Lee S.O. A study about breast-feeding knowledge, attitude and problem of breast-feeding in early postpartum period and breast-feeding practice. Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing 2003;9(2):179–188.
13. Ministry of Government Legislation. 2008.
14. Nyqvist K.H. Breastfeeding support in neonatal care: An example of the integration of international evidence and experience. Newborn and Infant Nurs Reviews 2005;5(1):34–35.
15. Osorio A., Rossello J.L., Capurro H. A rooming-in program for mothers and newborns. Bullpan Am Health Organization 1975;9(2):129–134.
16. Reeder S.J., Martin L.L. In: Maternity Nursing: Family, newborn and womens health care. 16th. JB Lippincott; 1987.
17. Riordan J. In: A practical guide to breast feeding. Mosby; 1983.
18. Song J.E. In: A comparative study on the level of postpartum womens fatigue between rooming-in and non rooming-in groups. Seoul: Yonsei University; 2001.
Unpublished master's thesis.
19. Shin G.Y., Kim O.J., Park J.H., Lee J.L. Effects of rooming-in on continuation of breast-feeding and maternal identity. Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing 2002;8(3):402–411.
20. Suddenly increasing breast feeding rate, Lowering Breast Feeding Room. The National Assembly of The Republic of Korea. 2008 Oct 07.
Reporting Data from http://www.assembly.go.kr/.
21. UNICEF. The state of the world's children. Oxford University Press; 2004.
22. Waldenstrom U., Swenson A. Rooming-in at night in the postpartum ward. Midwifery 1991;7:82–89.
23. The optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding. WHO. 2002.
24. Wojnar D. Maternal perceptions of early breast feeding experiences and breast feeding outcomes at 6weeks. Clinical Effectiveness in Nurs 2004;8:93–100.