Journal List > Korean J Women Health Nurs > v.15(4) > 1037208

Hwang: A Study on Eating Disorder, Body Image and Self-Esteem of Female University Students

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between eating disorders, body image, and self-esteem of female university students.

Methods

A total 123 university female students were recruited in April 2009. Data was collected by using questionnaires. The collected data was analysed by SPSS/WIN using frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, ANOVA, & Pearson correlation coefficient.

Results

As defined by body mass index (BMI), the obese subjects were rare (8.9%) and the rest (91.1%) was under weight or normal. More than 51.2% of the subjects perceived their weight as overweight, while 8.9% of the women were obese as defined by BMI. Eighty-eight percent of the subjects were not satisfied with their body shape. The total mean score of anorexia nervosa was higher than bulimia nervosa. The scores of eating disorders did not differ significantly by the BMI score. The score of body image was highest in the group of the overweight. There was high positive correlation between self-esteem and body image.

Conclusion

To ensure resonable body image and weight control behaviors in female university students, education should be reinforsed. Therefore, nursing intervention programs for cognitive changes correcting the understanding about body image need to be developed.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
General characteristics of subjects (N=123)
kjwhn-15-328-i001

BMI=body mass index.

Table 2
Status of weight control of subjects (N=123)
kjwhn-15-328-i002

BMI=body mass index.

Table 3
Level of eating disorder (N=123)
kjwhn-15-328-i003
Table 4
Level of eating disorder, body image, self-esteem with respect to BMI (N=123)
kjwhn-15-328-i004

BMI=body mass index.

Table 5
Level of eating disorder, body image, self-esteem with respect to body figure
kjwhn-15-328-i005
Table 6
Relationship among the study variables
kjwhn-15-328-i006

BMI=body mass index.

References

1. Ahn Y., Kim H.M., Kim K.W. A study of weight control and associated factors among high school female students. Korean J Community Nutr. 2005. 10(6):814–824.
2. Colvin R., Olson S. A descriptive analysis of men and woman who have lost significant weight and are highly successful maintaining the loss. Addict Behav. 1983. 8:287–296.
3. Chung C.J. The effects of supportive group care on body image in low extremity fracture patients. 1984. Seoul: Yonsei University;Unpublished master's thesis.
4. Choi M.S., Cheon S.H. Internalization of the sociocultural attitudes, body shape satisfaction, anger and eating attitudes in college women. Korean J Women Health Nurs. 2007. 13(4):327–335.
5. Garner D., Garfinkel P. The eating attitudes test: An index of the symptoms of anorexia nervosa. Psychol Med. 1979. 9:273–279.
6. Garrow J.S., Webster J. Quetelet's index (W/H2) as a measure of fatness. Intern J Obes. 1985. 9:147–153.
7. Gidwani G.P., Rome E.S. Eating disorders. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 1997. 40(3):601–615.
8. Hahn O.S., Yoo H.J., Kim C.Y., Lee C., Min B.K., Park I.H. The epidemiology and personality characteristics of eating disorder in Korea. Korean J Psychopathol. 1990. 15(4):270–287.
9. Halm K.A., Falk J.R., Schwartz E. Binge-eating and vomitty: A survey of a college population. Psychol Med. 1981. 11:697–706.
10. Hwang Y.Y. A study on obese female college students weight control experience. Korean J Women Health Nurs. 2004. 10(4):291–300.
11. Hwang R.H., Shin H.S. A study on eating disorder, body image and self-esteem of high school girls. Korean J Women Health Nurs. 2000. 6(1):129–141.
12. Jeon B.J. Self-esteem: A test of its measurability. Theses Collection of Yonsei University. 1974. 11:107–129.
13. Jeon Y.S. Influence of subjective perception of body image and weight management on obesity stress in college women. 2006. Seoul: Graduate School of Cultural Industry, Sungshin Women's University;Unpublished master's thesis.
14. Katzman M.A., Wolchik S.A. Bulimia and binge eating in college women: A comparison of personality and behavioral characteristics. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1984. 52:423–428.
15. Kim E.J. The research about recognition of body shape, weight control and the factors related to the disordered eating behaviors in adolescents girls. 2004. Seoul: Sungshin University;Unpublished master's thesis.
16. Kim K.N., Kim Y.H. Factors related to eating disorder behavior in university students. J Korean Home Econ Assoc. 2004. 42(2):83–97.
17. Kim O.S. BMI, body attitude and dieting among college women. J Korean Acad Adult Nurs. 2002. 14(2):256–264.
18. Kim O.S., Kim K.H. Weight, self-esteem, and depression in high school and college females. J Korean Acad Adult Nurs. 2000. 12(3):396–406.
19. Kim E.J., Cha B.K. Weight control behaviors in female college students. Korean J Women Health Nurs. 2007. 13(4):320–326.
20. Lee K.H., Kim S.Y., Chun K.J., Han S.K. The relationship between eating disorder and self-esteem in female college students. Korean J Women Health Nurs. 2003. 9(4):390–399.
21. Lee K.E., Kim E.J., Yom Y.H. Body esteem, body figure discrepancy and depression in women college students. J Korean Acad Fundam Nurs. 2005. 12(2):206–214.
22. Lee S.L., Oh K.J. The effect of shape and weight based self-evaluation and body dissatisfaction on disorders eating behaviors of females university students. Korean J Clin Psychol. 2004. 23(1):91–106.
23. Mendelson B.K., Mclaren L., Gauvin L., Steiger H. The relationship of self-esteem and body esteem in women with and without eating disorders. Intern J Eating Disord. 2002. 31(3):318–323.
24. Osgood C.E. The nature and measurement of meaning. Psychol Bull. 1952. 29:197–237.
25. Park J.W., Park H.M., Ha N.S. A study on the obesity and weight control methods of college students. J Korean Acad Soc Women Nurs. 2004. 13(1):5–13.
26. Rosenberg M. Society and the adolescent self-image. 1965. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
27. Ruth C.R., Jane K.P. Restrained eating and attribution college age weight cyclers. J Am Diet Assoc. 1995. 915(4):491–492.
28. Shin H.S., Park S.N. Body image, self-esteem and depression in college female students. J Korean Acad Nurs. 2003. 33(3):331–338.
29. Shin M.Y. Process of massmedia on diet and eating disorder in women. 1997. Chuncheon: Kangwon University;Unpublished master's thesis.
30. Yu C.H., Lee J.S. A study on the nutritional status according to body mass index in Korean college women. Korean J Nutr. 2004. 37(10):899–907.
TOOLS
Similar articles