Journal List > J Korean Gastric Cancer Assoc > v.3(4) > 1036914

Park, Cho, Kim, Park, Kim, Kim, Nam, Lee, Yoo, and Lee: Functional Defect of the Fas Mutants Detected in Gastric Cancers



The balance between cell proliferation and apoptosis is crucial for homeostatic maintenance in a cell population. Decreased apoptosis or uncontrolled proliferation can lead to cancer. The Fas receptor signal through a cytoplasmic death domain is very important in the apoptotic pathway. To identify the effect of the death domain of the Fas gene in the development and/or progression of gastric cancer, we examined the apoptotic potential of five known Fas mutants detected in gastric cancers.

Materials and Methods

A wild-type Fas gene was cloned with cDNA from normal liver tissue and full length Fas was sequenced. Mutants of the gene were generated with sitedirected mutagenesis by using the wild-type gene and specific primers. Wild- and mutant-type genes were transfected to HEK293 cells. Forty-eight hours after transfection the cells were stained with DAPI and cell death was counted under fluorescent microscopy.


In wild-type Fas-transfected cells, the percentage of apoptotic cells was 85.9±3.6%, and significant cell death and classic morphologic signs of apoptosis were observed. However, the percentages of apoptotic cells transfected with N239D, E240G, D244V, and R263H of tumor-derived mutant Fas were 29.5±2.08%, 28.5±3.34%, 25.225±2.06%, and 36.625±4.49%, respectively.


These results suggest that inactivation of Fas caused by mutations in the death domain of the Fas gene may be one of the possible escape mechanisms against Fas-mediated apoptosis and that inactivating mutation of the Fas may contribute to the development or progression of gastric cancers.


Won Sang Park

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