Journal List > J Korean Gastric Cancer Assoc > v.3(3) > 1036906

Kim, Joo, Choi, and Kim: Comparative Study of p53 Mutation and Oncoprotein Expression in Gastric Adenocarcinoma



The p53 tumor suppressor gene is believed to play a pivotal role in preventing the uncontrolled cellular growth characteristic of cancer. Mutation of the p53 gene represent one of the most common genetic alterations in human cancers, and the acquisition of such defects is strongly associated with tumor progression and metastasis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relation between p53 immunoreactivity and the mutation of p53 gene in gastric adenocarcinoma obtained by laser capture microscope.

Matenrials and Methods

Formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue specimens were obtained from 20 patients who underwent surgery for gastric cancer. According to UICC TNM system, 3 of the cases were Ia, 2 cases II, 4 cases IIIa, 5 cases IIIb, and 6 cases IV.


Immunohistochemical staining revealed eight cases as negative (less than 10%), twelve cases as postive (more than 10%). The locations of mutations were as follows; 7 cases had point mutation at exon 4, and 3 cases point mutation at exon 8. There was no mutation at exon 5, 6, 7 and 9. The mutation was observed in 1 case out of 8 p53 oncoprotein negative cases, and 7 cases out of 12 p53 positive cases. The mutation was more common in p53 positive cases (P<0.05), However, there was no significant correlation between p53 mutation observed by DNA sequencing after laser capture microdissection and expression of p53 oncoprotein.


These result suggest that he expression of p53 oncoprotein not to be related to the mutation of p53 gene at exons 4 through 9 in gastric cancer.

Similar articles