Journal List > J Korean Gastric Cancer Assoc > v.1(4) > 1036840

Kim, Park, Han, Chae, and Kim: E-cadherin and β-catenin Expression and Mutation in Gastric Carcinomas



When cancer cels invade the stroma, they should be dissociated from the adjacent cells at first. E-cadherin and β-catenin constitute an important protein complex associated with cellular adhesion, development, and differentiation, especially in epithelial cells.The role of E-cadherin and β-catenin in gastric carcinogenesis were studied.

Matenrials and Methods

The expression of E-cadherin and β-catenin in gastric adenocarcinomas by using immunohistochemical staining and the mutation by using polymerase chain reaction- single stranded conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) and sequencing were performed in 40 adenocarcinomas and 5 dysplasia of stomach. Thirteen cases, which had lymph node metastasis, were also included for immunohistochemical staining.


Inappropriate cytoplasmic and/or nuclear expression of a E-cadherin-β-catenin complex was more frequent in poorly differentiated, diffuse type signet ring cell carcinomas than in well-differentiated, intestinal type adenocarcinomas (P<0.05). However, the expression was not related with clinical stage or lymph node metastasis. Mutation of E-cadherin was detected in 4 cases by using PCR-SSCP, whereas mutation of β-catenin was detected in 2 cases.


E-cadherin and β-catenin seem to be important in gastric carcinogenesis, especially in poorly differentiated diffuse type.

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