Journal List > J Korean Soc Transplant > v.31(2) > 1034535

J Korean Soc Transplant. 2017 Jun;31(2):68-74. Korean.
Published online June 30, 2017.  https://doi.org/10.4285/jkstn.2017.31.2.68
Copyright © the Korean Society for Transplantation, 2017
Legislative Issues Regarding Transplant Act
Hwi Won Kim, Ph.D.,1 and Hyeon cheol KIM, Ph.D.2
1Department of Social Studies Education, College of Education, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea.
2School of Law, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea.

Corresponding author: Hyeon cheol KIM. School of Law, Ewha Womans University, 52, Ewhayeodae-gil, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 03760, Korea. Tel: 82-2-3277-4481, Fax: 82-2-3277-2848, Email: phlaw@ewha.ac.kr
Received June 16, 2017; Accepted June 20, 2017.

Abstract

The Korean Transplant Act has been revised five times since 1999, and each revision has resulted in a slight donation rate increased; however, the organ shortage had not been solved. As a result, further revision of the Transplant Act is needed. The current focuses solely on efficiency for transplantation. Therefore, this study suggests a paradigm shift in the revision of the act through the virtuous cycle for activating donation; namely, from an efficiency-based transplant system to a donor-centered transplant system.

Keywords: Organ and tissue; Donation; Transplantation; Procurement; Government regulation; Revision of the Transplant Act; Donor-centered system; Efficiency-based system; Virtuous cycle for activating donation

Figures


Fig. 1
Procurement process flow chart. Reprinted from Fig. 2-8-5 of reference [2].
Click for larger image


Fig. 2
Organ donation rate following brain death. Reprinted from Fig. 2-2-2 of reference [4].
Click for larger image


Fig. 3
Virtuous cycle for activating donation. Adapted from reference [8].
Click for larger image

Tables


Table 1
History of the transplant act in Korea
Click for larger image


Table 2
Notifications on potential brain death donors
Click for larger image

References
1. Ministry of Government Legislation. INTERNAL ORGANS, ETC. TRANSPLANT ACT [Internet]. Sejong: Ministry of Government Legislation; 2017 [cited 2017 May 20].
2. Ministy of Health and Welfare. 2015 Ministry of health and welfare repubic of Korea. Sejong: Ministy of Health and Welfare; 2016. pp. 832.
3. Korean Organ Donation Agency (KODA). Reports on information management of Brain death candidates [Internet]. Seoul: KODA; c2015 [cited 2017 May 20].
4. Korean Network for Organ Sharing (KONOS). 2015 Annual Report on Transplantation. Seoul: KONOS; 2016.
5. KIM HC, Kim MH, et al. In: A research on the Integrated management of therapeutic human resources. . Seoul: Ministry of Health and Welfare; 2014. pp. 226-243.
6. Kim HC, Kim JA, et al. In: A study of the Korean legal institutionalization of the UNESCO Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights. Sejong: Korea Legislation Research Institute; 2016. pp. 216-255.pp. 341-344.
7. Korea Organization for Sharing Tissue (KOST). A study on compensation of tissue donors' relatives. Seoul: KOST; 2011.
8. Park SH, Kim HC, et al. In: Policy Report on Activation for Human Tissue Donation. Seoul: Industry Academic Cooperation Foundation Sookmyung Women's University; 2016. pp. 172-200.