Journal List > J Korean Soc Transplant > v.25(3) > 1034345

J Korean Soc Transplant. 2011 Sep;25(3):190-195. Korean.
Published online September 30, 2011.  https://doi.org/10.4285/jkstn.2011.25.3.190
Copyright © 2011 The Korean Society for Transplantation
Successful Renal Transplantation in Patients with Polycystic Kidneys after Renal Contraction by Renal Artery Embolization - Report on 2 Cases
Ui Jun Park, M.D.,1 Hyoung Tae Kim, M.D.,1 Min Young Kim, R.N.,1 Eun Ah Hwang, M.D.,2 Seung Yeup Han, M.D.,2 Sung Bae Park, M.D.,2 Hyun Chul Kim, M.D.,2 Young Hwan Kim, M.D.,3 and Won Hyun Cho, M.D.1
1Department of Transplant & Vascular Surgery, Dongsan Medical Center, Keimyung University, Daegu, Korea.
2Department of Internal Medicine, Dongsan Medical Center, Keimyung University, Daegu, Korea.
3Department of Interventional Radiology, Dongsan Medical Center, Keimyung University, Daegu, Korea.

Corresponding author (Email: Wh51cho@dsmc.or.kr )
Received August 04, 2011; Accepted September 05, 2011.

Abstract

Autosomal polycystic kidney disease is responsible for about 10% of the cases of end stage renal disease. The increase in kidney size is usually proportional to the degree of deterioration in renal function. At the time of transplantation, these nonfunctional kidneys can be massively enlarged and nephrectomy is required before renal transplantation. However, pretransplantation nephrectomy of polycystic kidneys has the potential risk of surgical complications, including ileus, hernias, infection, excessive bleeding and/or intestinal injury. We report here on two cases successful renal transplantation in patients with polycystic kidneys after renal contraction by renal artery embolization and without nephrectomy. The volume reduction was evaluated by CT before and 3 months after renal artery embolization and the reduction in volume was 48% and 44% in each case, respectively. The embolization was well tolerated in both cases without immediate or delayed complications except for fever and lumbar flank pain. Four months after renal artery embolization, both of the patients successfully received a transplant from living donors.

Keywords: ADPKD; Renal artery embolization; Renal transplantation

Figures


Fig. 1
Case 1. (A) Initial abdominal CT shows enlarged kidneys with multiple cysts. (B) Follow-up abdominal CT taken 3 months after right renal artery embolization shows markedly decreased size of the right kidney. (C) Selective angiography of the right renal artery reveals a typical polycystic kidney vascular bed. (D) Coil embolization of renal artery induce stagnant flow without the filling of intrarenal branches and complete obstruction of the two renal artery.
Click for larger image


Fig. 2
Case 2. (A) Initial abdominal CT shows enlarged kidneys with multiple cysts. (B) Follow-up abdominal CT taken 3 months after right renal artery embolization shows markedly decreased size of the right kidney. (C) Selective angiography of the right renal artery. (D) Coil embolization of renal artery.
Click for larger image

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