Journal List > J Korean Soc Transplant > v.25(1) > 1034334

J Korean Soc Transplant. 2011 Mar;25(1):1-7. Korean.
Published online March 31, 2011.  https://doi.org/10.4285/jkstn.2011.25.1.1
Copyright © 2011 The Korean Society for Transplantation
Optimal System for Deceased Organ Donation and Procurement in Korea
Sang-Il Min, M.D.,1 Sang Hyun Ahn, M.D.,1 Won Hyun Cho, M.D.,2 Curie Ahn, M.D.,3,4 Soon Il Kim, M.D.,5 and Jongwon Ha, M.D.1,4
1Department of Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Surgery, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.
3Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
4Transplant Research Institute, Seoul National University Medical Research Center, Seoul, Korea.
5Department of Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Corresponding author (Email: jwhamd@snu.ac.kr )
Received December 28, 2010; Accepted January 12, 2011.

Abstract

Since the first deceased donor kidney transplantation in 1979, continuous efforts have been made to increase deceased organ donation in Korea. However, a critical shortage of human organs for transplant is still a serious problem and is partly caused by the absence of a system to actively identify and properly manage deceased donors in Korea. Considering this, Korea needs to create a new national system for deceased donor identification, management, and organ procurement. There are three kinds of organ procurement systems in the world: The "Spanish model", the "United States model", and the "other European model". We reviewed each system and suggested the optimal organ procurement system for Korea. We also proposed requirements for operating an organ procurement organization and increasing deceased organ donation. Further improvements in the organ procurement system will contribute to improve the current organ shortage.

Keywords: Brain death; Tissue and organ procurement; Spain; United States

Figures


Fig. 1
Organ procurement system in Germany: Deutsche Stiftung Organtransplantation.
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Fig. 2
Comparison of organ procurement systems: donor managing hospitals versus organ procurement organization.
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Fig. 3
Proposed organ procurement and transplantation system.
Click for larger image

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