Journal List > J Bacteriol Virol > v.46(4) > 1034234

J Bacteriol Virol. 2016 Dec;46(4):283-287. Korean.
Published online December 31, 2016.  https://doi.org/10.4167/jbv.2016.46.4.283
Copyright © 2016 The Korean Society for Microbiology and The Korean Society of Virology
Prevalence of Hepatitis B Virus and HIV Co-infection in Korea
Hyun-Ho Lee, Hae-Guen Hong, Jong-Seong Son, Sun-Mok Kwon, Bu-Geon Lim, Kang-Bum Lee and Gu-Hwan Kim
Microbiological Inspection Team, Gyeonggi-do Research Institute of Health & Environment, Uijeongbu, Korea.

Corresponding author: Hyun-Ho Lee. Microbiological Inspection Team, Gyeonggi-do Research Institute of Health & Environment, Uijeongbu, 16205, Korea. Phone: +82-31-8030-5925, Fax: +82-31-8030-5929, Email: nicechap1@gg.go.kr
Received July 27, 2016; Revised October 13, 2016; Accepted October 24, 2016.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/).


Abstract

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have a common route like sexually transmitted infections (STIs), vertical transmission and blood transfusion, etc. Therefore, it was necessary to be an attempt to confirm the relationship of HBV and HIV in Korea. We investigated the prevalence of Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and Hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc) in HIV positive groups (n=430) and HIV negative groups (n=434) from January 2014 to October 2015. When comparing the prevalence of anti-HBc between the two groups, HIV positive group (36.0%) showed a higher prevalence than HIV negative group (24.7%), the result was statistically significant (p < 0.05). However, there was a little difference on HBsAg and not significant. Therefore, by showing a clear difference in anti-HBc between the two groups of HIV in Korea, it was confirmed to be associated with co-infections between Hepatitis B and HIV.

Keywords: Hepatitis B; HIV; HBsAg; Anti-HBc

Figures


Figure 1
Prevalence of HBsAg and anti-HBc according to HIV groups.
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Figure 2
Prevalence of the combination of HBsAg and anti-HBc according to HIV groups.
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Tables


Table 1
Prevalence of HBsAg according to periods (modified from ref. 17)
Click for larger image

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