Journal List > J Korean Assoc Oral Maxillofac Surg > v.37(6) > 1032509

J Korean Assoc Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2011 Dec;37(6):496-504. Korean.
Published online December 27, 2011.
Copyright © 2011 by The Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
The bone density of mandible as the aging process in Koreans
Chul-Won Lee and Chul-Hwan Kim
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Dankook University, Cheonan, Korea.

Corresponding author: Chul-Hwan Kim. Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Dankook University, San 29, Anseo-dong, Cheonan 330-714, Korea. TEL: +82-41-550-1996, FAX: +82-41-551-8988, Email:
Received July 26, 2011; Revised November 08, 2011; Accepted November 24, 2011.



This study compared the alveolar bone density of the mandible according to gender, age and position using Cone-beam computed tomography (CT).

Materials and Methods

The maxillofacial CT scan data was obtained from 60 Korean patients. In addition, the alveloar bone density of 5 males and 5 females with normal occlusion aged from 10 to 70 years was measured at the buccal cortical bone, cancellous bone and lingual cortical bone, as well as at the position of the incisors, canines, premolars and molars.


The age-specific mean bone density was highest in patients in their third decade. The buccal cortical bone of the molars showed the highest bone density. Males in their fifties and sixties had a higher bone density in the cancellous bone in the region of the premolars and the buccal cortical bone of the molars, respectively, than females but there was no significant difference between males and females in the other parts. The cancellous bone density was highest in those in their twenties and thirties, and tended to decline up to their seventh decade.


These results revealed a significantly different bone density according to gender, age and position in the Korean population. In addition, it is possible to predict the bone density based on these results.

Keywords: Cone-beam computed tomography; Mandibular alveolar bone density; Hounsfield unit


Fig. 1
Windows of EZ3D (2009 Professional Version, Vatech, Hwaseong, Korea) program, sagittal views.
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Fig. 2
Tomography image showing the site of root in EZ3D (2009 Professional Version, Vatech, Hwaseong, Korea) program.
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Fig. 3
Incisor point (between 41 to 42), canine point (between 43 to 44), premolar point (between 44 to 45), molar point (between 46 to 47).
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Fig. 4
Bone density is expressed as hounsfield unit in EZ3D. This image showing in the area between 1st molar and 2nd molar of mandible.
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Fig. 5
This image showing cancellous bone density in the area between 1st molar and 2nd molar of mandible.
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Table 1
Patient distribution according to age and gender
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Table 2
Mean bone density of mandible (hounsfield unit, mean±standard deviation)
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Table 3
Statistical analysis of bone density and comparison between male and female (hounsfield unit, mean±standard deviation)
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Table 4
Statistical analysis of bone density as aging process (hounsfield unit, mean±standard deviation)
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Table 5
Statistical analysis of bone density in each site (hounsfield unit, mean±standard deviation)
Click for larger image

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