Journal List > Yonsei Med J > v.41(6) > 1029213

Yonsei Med J. 2000 Dec;41(6):825-835. English.
Published online April 07, 2009.  https://doi.org/10.3349/ymj.2000.41.6.825
Copyright © 2000 The Yonsei University College of Medicine
Transplantation of Neural Stem Cells: Cellular & Gene Therapy for Hypoxic-Ischemic Brain Injury
Kook In Park
Department of Pediatrics and Pharmacology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Reprint address: requests to Dr. K. I. Park, Department of Pediatrics, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Yongdong Severance Hospital, Yongdong P.O. Box 1217, Seoul 135-270, Korea. Tel: 82-2-3497- 3351, Fax: 82-2-3461-9473, Email: kipark@yumc.yonsei.ac.kr
Received November 17, 2000.

Abstract

We have tracked the response of host and transplanted neural progenitors or stem cells to hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain injury, and explored the therapeutic potential of neural stem cells (NSCs) injected into mice brains subjected to focal HI injury. Such cells may integrace appropriately into the degenerating central nervous system (CNS), and showed robust engraftment and foreign gene expression within the region of HI inury. They appeared to have migrated preferentially to the site of ischemia, experienced limited proliferation, and differentiated into neural cells lost to injury, trying to repopulate the damaged brain area. The transplantation of exogenous NSCs may, in fact, augment a natural self-repair process in which the damaged CNS "attempts" to mobilize its own pool of stem cells. Providing additional NSCs and trophic factors may optimize this response. Therefore, NSCs may provide a novel approach to reconstituting brains damaged by HI brain injury. Preliminary data in animal models of stroke lends support to these hypotheses.

Keywords: Neural progenitors; neural stem cells; hypoxic-ischemic brain injury; transplantation; stroke; migration; differentiation; neurons; glia