Journal List > J Korean Neuropsychiatr Assoc > v.52(4) > 1017634

Lee, Ahn, Son, Kim, Park, and Cho: A Study on the Effectiveness of Community-Based Case Management Program for the First Episode Psychosis

Abstract

Objectives

The purpose of this study was to make empirical evidence for a community based case management program for the first episode of psychosis.

Methods

We provided a case management program for first episode psychosis patients and assessed their symptoms, function, insight, and satisfaction using Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), the Health of Nation Outcomes Scales (HoNOS), Scale to assess Unawareness of Mental Disorder (SUMD), Global Assessment of Functioning Scales (GAF), and Quality of Life scales (QOL) at baseline and after the program. We also evaluated the treatment maintenance rate and the changes of their developmental task achievement.

Results

Significant improvement was observed in all sub-domains of PANSS and significant changes were also observed in the areas of symptoms and function of HoNOS. Significant improvement was observed in awareness of mental illness itself and its outcomes. The treatment maintenance rate was 87.5%, including three patients who stopped their medication with the doctor's order. The rate of participation in meaningful social activities, such as school or job showed an increase, from 25% at baseline to 81% after the program.

Conclusion

Results of this study demonstrate the possibility of community programs for prevention of relapse, improvement of symptoms and function, and facilitation of return to meaningful social activities of first episode psychosis patients.

Figures and Tables

Fig. 1
PANSS: Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, HoNOS: Health of the Nation Outcomes Scales, SUMD: Scale to Assess Unawareness of Mental Disorder, GAF: Global Assessment of Functioning Scales.
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Fig. 2
The contents and process of STEP program. STEP: Social Treatment for Early Psychosis.
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Table 1
General characteristics of the subjects
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Table 2
Psychiatric characteristics of the subjects
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DUP: Duration of Untreated Psychosis

Table 3
Pre-post comparison by assessment tools
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PANSS: Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, HoNOS: Health of the Nation Outcomes Scales, SUMD: Scale to Assess Unawareness of Mental Disorder, GAF: Global Assessment of Functioning Scales, QOL: Quality of Life

Table 4
The education and job status changes after intervention
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Notes

The authors have no financial conflicts of interest.

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