Journal List > J Korean Neuropsychiatr Assoc > v.52(3) > 1017625

Kim, Han, Lee, Min, Park, and Lee: The Effect of Depression, Anxiety, Self-Esteem, Temperament, and Character on Life Satisfaction in College Students



In order to improve the life satisfaction, we should be aware of psychological factors associated the life satisfaction. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the effect of depression, anxiety, temperament, and character on life satisfaction in college students.


A total 314 participants completed questionnaires, which included Satisfaction with Life Scale, Beck Depression Inventory-II, Beck Anxiety Inventory, The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised. To evaluate the difference according to social factor, t-test and one-way analysis of variance were performed. To analyze the effect of psychological characteristics on life satisfaction, stepwise multiple regression analysis was used.


Life satisfaction was significantly different according to only gender of the social factors. Life satisfaction was positively correlated with self-esteem, self-directedness, and persistence (P). Conversely, depression, anxiety, harm avoidance, and novelty seeking (NS) were negatively correlated. Stepwise multiple regression revealed that depression, self-esteem, P, NS, and self-transcendence were factors affecting life satisfaction in university students.


This result shows that life satisfaction is influenced by depression, self-esteem, temperament, and character. The findings of this study suggest that to improve the life satisfaction requires not only preventing and treatment of depression but also identifying the psychological characteristics, such as temperament and character.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
Demographic and clinical characteristics of subjects (n=314)

SD : Standard deviation, SES : Socio-economic status, SWLS : Satisfaction with Life Scale, BDI : Beck Depression Inventory, BAI : Beck Anxiety Inventory, RSES : The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale

Table 2
Comparison of satisfaction with life scale according to demographic characteristics (n=314)

*: p≤0.001. SD : Standard deviation, SES : Socio-economic status

Table 3
Correlations of TCI, BDI, BAI, RSES scores with satisfaction with life scale

Pearson correlation analysis. *: p≤0.05, **: p≤0.01. BDI : Beck Depression Inventory, BAI : Beck Anxiety Inventory, RSES : The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, SWLS : Satisfaction with Life Scale, HA : Harm avoidance, NS : Novelty seeking, RD : Reward dependence, P : Persistence, SD : Self-directedness, C : Cooperativeness, ST : Self-transcendence, TCI : The Temperament and Character Inventory

Table 4
Stepwise regression analysis of satisfaction with life scale

*: p≤0.05, **: p≤0.01


The authors have no financial conflicts of interest.


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