Journal List > J Korean Ophthalmol Soc > v.57(10) > 1010432

J Korean Ophthalmol Soc. 2016 Oct;57(10):1625-1630. Korean.
Published online October 19, 2016.
©2016 The Korean Ophthalmological Society
Clinical Course of Consecutive Esotropia after Surgery to Correct Recurrent Intermittent Exotropia
Young je Choi, MD and Dae Hyun Kim, MD, PhD
Department of Ophthalmology, Chosun University School of Medicine, Gwangju, Korea.

Address reprint requests to Dae Hyun Kim, MD, PhD. Department of Ophthalmology, Chosun University Hospital, #365 Pilmun-daero, Dong-gu, Gwangju 61453, Korea. Tel: 82-62-220-3190, Fax: 82-62-225-9839, Email:
Received May 19, 2016; Revised August 04, 2016; Accepted September 13, 2016.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.



To analyze the clinical aspects of consecutive esotropia after intermittent exotropia reoperation and study the prognosis and associated risk factors.


The present study included 34 patients with intermittent exotropia who underwent reoperation; incidence rate, risk factors, treatment methods and prognosis of the postoperative consecutive esotropia were analyzed.


Of the 34 patients, 12 developed consecutive esotropia that persisted longer than a month after the reoperation; a higher incidence rate was observed in patients with esodeviation greater than 16 prism diopter (PD) on postoperative day 1 and in patients who received unilateral lateral muscle recession and medial muscle resection during the operation (p < 0.05). Conversely, factors such as age, deviation angle, refractive power, anisometropia, lateral incomitance and oblique muscle dysfunction prior to the reoperation did not affect the incidence of consecutive esotropia. The patients who developed consecutive esotropia received conservative treatments such as alternative occlusion therapy and fresnel prism wearing; 10 of 12 patients showed significant clinical improvements.


Consecutive esotropia frequently occurs after intermittent exotropia reoperation if the patient had esodeviation greater than 16 PD on postoperative day 1 or received unilateral lateral muscle recession and medial muscle resection. The conservative treatments of the consecutive esotropia showed good clinical response and improved prognosis.

Keywords: Clinical course; Consecutive esotropia; Recurrent intermittent exotropia; Risk factor


Table 1
Probable factors associated with onset of consecutive esotropia after reoperation of intermittent exotropia
Click for larger image

Table 2
Result of prismatic correction and clinical outcomes of consecutive esotropia patients after re-operation of intermittent exotropia
Click for larger image


This study was presented as a narration at the 115th Annual Meeting of the Korean Ophthalmological Society 2016.

This study was supported by research fund from Chosun University, 2014.

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