Journal List > J Korean Ophthalmol Soc > v.57(7) > 1010350

Kim and Lee: A Case of Delayed Orbital Cellulitis after Orbital Wall Fracture Repair Using Absorbable Implant



To report a case of delayed orbital cellulitis with subperiosteal abscess after orbital floor fracture repair using an absorbable sheet implant (Macropore®, Medtronic Inc., Minneapolis, MN, USA).
Case summary: A 16-year-old male visited the oculoplastic clinic for left eye pain, lower eyelid swelling and vertical diplopia for 1 day. The patient had a history of inferior orbital wall fracture repair surgery using Macropore® 20 months prior. The orbital computed tomography scan showed a subperiosteal cystic mass with surrounding infiltration at the left orbital floor, and ethmoidal and maxillary sinusitis; however, sheet implant was not clearly observed. Despite systemic antibiotic treatment for 3 days, his clinical findings did not improve, thus we decided to drain the subperiosteal abscess through a transconjunctival approach. Intraoperatively, the Macropore® sheet was almost dissolved, but small pieces remained. The culture of drained contents showed no microorganisms. Systemic antibiotics were continued for 18 days after surgery, and clinical symptoms completely improved.


Delayed orbital cellulitis should be considered in patients with extraocular muscle movement limitation and painful orbital swelling if the patient has a history of orbital wall fracture repair, even if a bioresorbable implant was used. Prompt imaging evaluation should be emphasized for early diagnosis and proper treatment.


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Figure 1.
Noncontrast computed tomography scan of the orbits (coronal view) before the surgical repair of the left orbital wall fracture. Discontinuity of the left orbital floor with downward herniation of orbital fat and inferior rectus muscle into the maxillary sinus was noted. There was no definite sinusitis.
Figure 2.
Photograph and orbital computed tomography of the patient. (A) An 16-year-old boy presented with erythematous swelling at the left lower eyelid. He also complained with ocular pain of the left eye and vertical diplopia. (B) Orbital computed tomography (coronal view) reveals fluid collection at the inferior subperiosteal space (arrows) and adjacent soft tissue enhancement (asterix), suggesting orbital cellulitis and inferior subperiosteal abscess. Note marked opacification in the both ethmoidal and maxillary sinuses.
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