Journal List > J Korean Ophthalmol Soc > v.48(8) > 1007906

J Korean Ophthalmol Soc. 2007 Aug;48(8):1112-1118. Korean.
Published online August 20, 2007.  https://doi.org/10.3341/jkos.2007.48.8.1112-1118
Copyright © 2007 The Korean Ophthalmological Society
Monocular Slanted Lateral Rectus Recession for Exotropia with Convergence Insufficiency
Jae Sung Park, M.D.,1 Soo Jung Lee, M.D.,2 Young Bae Roh, M.D.,3 and Hee Young Choi, M.D.1
1Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Pusan National University, Pusan, Korea.
2Maryknoll Hospital, Pusan, Korea.
3BarunNoon Eye Clinic, Pusan, Korea.

Address Reprint requests to Hee Young Choi, M.D., Ph.D. Department of Ophthalmology, Pusan National Unversity Hospital, #1-10 Ami-dong, Seo-gu, Pusan 602-739, Korea. Tel: 82-51-240-7324, Fax: 82-51-242-7341, Email: hychoi@pusan.ac.kr
Received August 03, 2006; Accepted May 15, 2007.

Abstract

Purpose

To evaluate the efficacy of monocular slanted lateral rectus (LR) muscle recession for exotropia with convergence insufficiency.

Methods

Twenty five patients with exotropia greater at near than at versus far distance by ≥10 prism diopters (PD), were divided into two groups: 15 patients who underwent monocular slanted LR recession (study group), and 10 patients who underwent monocular standard LR recession (control group). In the study group, the lower horn of the LR was recessed according to near deviation, the upper horn was recessed according to distance deviation. In the control group, monocular LR was recessed according to distance deviation. The postoperative ocular alignment at distance and near, and the difference between them, were measured and compared retrospectively. The criteria for successful outcome were postoperative residual deviation at near and distance, and the difference of 8 PD or less between the two.

Results

The mean distance deviation showed a significant postoperative reduction in both groups (P<0.001, P<0.001). The mean near deviation showed a significant postoperative reduction in both groups (P<0.001, P<0.001). The mean difference between near and distance deviation showed a significant postoperative reduction only in the study group (P<0.001, P=0.175). Successful outcome was obtained in 13 our of 15 (86.7%) patients in the study group, in 2 out of 10 (20%) patients in the control group. None of the study patients had postoperative diplopia.

Conclusions

Monocular slanted lateral rectus recession is effective in reducing both distant and near exodeviation and in collapsing the difference between distance and near deviation them at postoperative 4 months.

Keywords: Convergence insufficiency; Exotropia; Lateral rectus recession; Slanted surgery

Figures


Figure 1
Change in the mean distance angles in two groups according to the follow-up times. The mean distance deviation showed a significant postoperative reduction in both groups (P<0.001, P<0.001 by paired t-test).

*PD: Prism diopters. : -: esodeviation. +: exodeviation.

Click for larger image


Figure 2
Change of the mean near angles in two groups according to the follow-up times. The mean near deviation showed a significant postoperative reduction in both groups(P<0.001, P<0.001 by paired t-test), but the mean near residual exodeviation was ≥8 PD in control group.

*PD: Prism diopters. -: esodeviation. +: exodeviation.

Click for larger image


Figure 3
Change of the mean differences between near and distance angles in two groups according to the follow-up times. The mean differences between near and distance angles showed a significant postoperative reduction only in study group (P<0.001, P=0.175 by paired t-test).

*PD: Prism diopters.

Click for larger image

Tables


Table 1
Database of the study (slanted) group
Click for larger image


Table 2
Database of the control group
Click for larger image

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