Journal List > Korean J Leg Med > v.37(3) > 1004705

Korean J Leg Med. 2013 Aug;37(3):145-152. Korean.
Published online August 29, 2013.
© Copyright 2013 by the Korean Society for Legal Medicine
Effect of CORE Program on Cognitive, Social and Emotional Characteristics of Sex Offenders
Jin-Hyuk Park,1 Jae-Woo Lee,1 Mi-Kyung Ryu,1 So-Young Jang,1 and Jong-Kyun Kim2
1Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Forensic Psychiatry, Ministry of Justice, Gongju-si, Chungcheongnam, Korea.
2Solmaeum Psychiatric Clinic, Daejeon, Korea.

Corresponding author (Email: )
Received July 29, 2013; Revised August 15, 2013; Accepted August 23, 2013.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The purpose of this study was to develop the CORE Program for sex offenders and to determine its effectiveness. The CORE Program was designed with an aim to achieve cognitive restructuring, improve the ability to empathize in interpersonal relationships, and enhance self-esteem and intimacy. We conducted this program over 48 sessions for 28 sex offenders. The effectiveness of the program was evaluated using the Interpersonal Responsiveness Index (IRI), Self-esteem Questionnaire (SEQ), UCLA Loneliness Scale (UCLALS), Coping Using Sex Inventory (CUSI), Rape Myth Acceptance Scale (RMAS), and Wilson's Sex Fantasy Questionnaire (WSFQ). The data were analyzed using paired t-tests. Our results showed no significant changes in the SEQ, UCLALS, and IRI scores after the treatment program. However, the scores for the CUSI, RMAS, and WSFQ significantly improved after this program. In this paper, we demonstrate the effectiveness of the CORE Program for sex offenders. We also discuss the limitations of our study and provide suggestions for future research. Our findings indicate that this treatment program should be provided to sex offenders for preventing recidivism.

Keywords: Sex offender; Paraphilia; CORE Program; Recidivism


Table 1
Demographic and Clinical Characteristics of the Subjects
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Table 2
Characteristics of Sex Offenses
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Table 3
Effect of Core Program
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Table 4
Diagnostic Distribution of Patients admitted to National Institute of Forensic Psychiatry with Sex Offense
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