Journal List > J Korean Radiol Soc > v.52(1) > 1004060

Kim, Lee, Lee, Baek, Song, and Jung: Efficacy of CT Colonography in the Detection of Colorectal Polypoid Lesions



We wished to compare CT colonography with conventional colonoscopy for the detection of colorectal polypoid lesions, and we wanted to evaluate the role of IV contrast-enhanced CT colonography for the differentiation between benign polypoid lesions and malignant polypoid lesions.

Materials and Methods

Thirty-four consecutive patients underwent CT colonography prior to conventional colonoscopy. Precontrast prone-position CT images and postcontrast supine position CT images were obtained and the virtual colonoscopic images were reconstructed. Axial, sagittal and coronal images with virtual colonoscopic images were prospectively interpreted for the presence, size and morphologic features of colorectal polypoid lesions, and then these findings were compared with the colonoscopic findings. The degree of enhancement of colorectal polypoid lesions was measured by subtracting the attenuation values obtained with precontrast and postcontrast CT images for the differentiation of benignity and malignancy of the colorectal polypoid lesions.


Among 75 colorectal polypoid lesions identified on conventional colonoscopy, 49 neoplasms were found on CT colonography, and the overall detection rate was 65.3%. Detection rate of lesions smaller than 10 mm was 52.1% (24/46), and the detection rate for lesions equal to or larger than 10 mm was 86.2% (25/29). Morphologic features of the sessile type lesions on CT colonography were well correlated with those noted on colonoscopy, but the stalks were not identified in 6 of 13 polyps on CT colonography. There was no statistical correlation between benignity and malignancy and the degree of contrast enhancement on CT colonography.


CT colonography is a useful modality for the detection of colorectal polypoid lesions equal to or larger than 10mm, and it well demonstrates the morphologic features, except for the stalk of pedunculated polyps. However, CT colonography cannot differentiate benignity from malignancy.

Similar articles