Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs > v.47(1) > 1003233

Kim and Lee: Turnover Experience of Male Nurses



The aim of this study was to identify turnover experiences of men in nursing and to derive a substantive theory on the turnover experience of men who are nurses.


Data were collected through in-depth interviews with 13 men who had worked as a nurse for 1 year or more, and had a turnover experience during that period. Collected data were analyzed on the basis of Strauss and Corbin's grounded theory.


The core category in the turnover experiences of the respondents was ‘seeking a stable place for me’. In the analysis of the core category, types of ‘contentment’, ‘seeking’, ‘survival’ and ‘confusion’ were identified. The sequential stages of these nurses’ turnover experience were ‘confrontation’, ‘incertitude’, ‘retrying’ and ‘realization’. However, when a problem arose in the process, they returned to the stage of confusion. Thus, these stages could occur in a circular fashion.


These findings provide a deep understanding of the turnover experience of men in nursing and offers new information about how they adapt to nursing practice. The findings should be useful as foundational data for men who hope to become nurses and also for managers responsible for nurses who are men.

Figures and Tables

Figure 1

Paradigm model of ‘Turnover experience of male nurses’.

Figure 2

Model of ‘Turnover experience of male nurses’.



This manuscript is a revision of the first author's master's thesis from Hanyang University.

CONFLICTS OF INTEREST The authors declared no conflict of interest.


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