Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs > v.46(6) > 1003215

Chung, Park, and Eun: Validity and Reliability of Korean Version of the Spiritual Care Competence Scale



The aim of this study was to examine the validity and reliability of the Korean Version of the Spiritual Care Competence Scale (K-SCCS).


A cross-sectional study design was used. The K-SCCS consisted of 26 questions to measure spiritual care competence of nurses. Participants, 228 nurses who had more than 3 years'experience as a nurse, completed the survey. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to examine the construct validity and correlations of K-SCCS and spiritual well-being (SWB) were used to examine the criterion validity of K-SCCS. Cronbach's alpha was used to test internal consistency.


The construct and the criterion-related validity of K-SCCS were supported as measures of spiritual care competence. Cronbach's alpha was .95. Factor loadings of the 26 questions ranged from .60 to .96. Construct validity of K-SCCS was verified by confirmatory factor analysis (RMSEA=.08, CFI=.90, NFI=.85). Criterion validity compared to the SWB showed significant correlation (r=.44, p<.001).


The findings suggest that K-SCCS serves as an appropriate measure of spiritual care competence with validity and reliability. However, further study is needed to retest the verification of the factor analysis related to factor 2 (professionalisation and improving the quality of spiritual care) and factor 3 (personal support and patient counseling). Therefore, we recommend using the total score without distinguishing subscales.

Figures and Tables

Figure 1

Confirmatory factor analysis.

Table 1

General Characteristics (N=228)

Table 2

Analysis of Convergent Validity of Items (N=228)


*Item 5 is a combination of item 5 and item 6 of the original scale; K-SCCS=Korean version of spiritual care competence scale; AVE=Average variance extracted.

Table 3

Correlation Matrix, Mean, and Reliability of K-SCCS Scales (N=228)


*Value along the diagonal values indicate the AVEs; K-SCCS=Korean version of spiritual care competence scale.


CONFLICT OF INTEREST The authors declared no conflict of interest.


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