Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs > v.46(1) > 1003207

Kim and Ji: Effects of a Hospital Based Follow-Up Program for Mothers with Very Low Birth Weight Infants



This paper reports the results of a hospital centered follow-up program on parenting stress, parenting efficacy and coping for mothers with very low birth weight (VLBW) infants.


The follow-up program consisted of home visiting by an expert group and self-help program for 1 year. A non-equivalent control group pre-post quasi-experimental design was used. Participants were 70 mothers with low birth weight infants and were assigned to one of two groups, an experimental groups (n=28), which received the family support program; and a control group (n=27), which received the usual discharge education. Data were analyzed using χ2-test, t-test, and ANCOVA with IBM SPSS statistics 20.0.


Mothers' parenting stress (F=5.66, p=.004) was significantly decreased in the experimental group. There were also significant increases in parenting efficacy (F=13.05, p<.001) and coping (F=8.91, p=.002) in the experimental group.


The study findings suggest that a follow-up program for mothers with VLBW infants is an effective intervention to decrease mothers' parenting stress and to enhance parenting efficacy and coping.

Figures and Tables

Table 1

Contents of Hospital Based Follow-up Program for Mothers with a VLBW Infants


*Non-medical specialist; RN=Registered nurse; NICU=Neonatal intensive care unit; VLBW=Very low birth weight.

Table 2

Characteristics of Participants (N=55)


Exp.=Experimental group; Cont.=Control group.

Table 3

Homogeneity of Dependent Variables (N=55)


Exp.=Experimental group; Cont.=Control group.

Table 4

Comparison between Two Groups (N=55)


*ANCOVA conducted with covariates of pre test value; Exp.=Experimental group (n=28); Cont.=Control group (n=27).


CONFLICTS OF INTEREST The authors declared no conflict of interest.


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