Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs > v.46(2) > 1003146

Kim, Lee, and Park: Development and Effects of a Drinking Prevention Program for Preschool Children



The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of the program to promote drinking knowledge, attitudes, and coping behavior in preschool children.


A quasi-experimental with non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design was conducted. The participants were 123 five year old children from G city. They were assigned to the experimental group (n=77) or the control group (n=46). A pretest and posttest were conducted to measure main variables. For the experimental group, the drinking prevention program was given for 6 weeks. Data were analyzed using χ2-test, t-test, and ANCOVA.


After the intervention, preschool children in the experimental group reported significant differences in drinking knowledge (F=9.25, p=.003), drinking attitudes (F=19.57, p<.001), and coping behavior (F=16.38, p<.001) compared to preschool children in the control group.


The results of this study indicate that a drinking prevention program for preschool children is effective in increasing drinking knowledge, attitudes, and coping behavior. This drinking prevention program is recommended as an effective intervention for preschool age children to postpone an early introduction to drinking.

Figures and Tables

Table 1

Drinking Prevention Program for Preschool Children: 'Children's Health Protectors' Program

Table 2

Homogeneity Test of Characteristics and Dependent Variables (N=123)


Exp.=Experimental group; Cont.=Control group

Table 3

Differences in Dependent Variables between Experimental and Control Groups (N=123)


*Measured by ANCOVA with pre-test drinking knowledge as covariate; Exp.=Experimental group; Cont.=Control group.


CONFLICTS OF INTEREST The authors declared no conflict of interest.


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