Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs > v.43(6) > 1002961

Cho and Lee: Factors Associated with Physical Activity among Chinese Immigrant Women



This study was done to assess the level of physical activity among Chinese immigrant women and to determine the relationships of physical activity with individual characteristics and behavior-specific cognition.


A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted with 161 Chinese immigrant women living in Busan. A health promotion model of physical activity adapted from Pender's Health Promotion Model was used. Self-administered questionnaires were used to collect data during the period from September 25 to November 20, 2012. Using SPSS 18.0 program, descriptive statistics, t-test, analysis of variance, correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis were done.


The average level of physical activity of the Chinese immigrant women was 1,050.06±686.47 MET-min/week and the minimum activity among types of physical activity was most dominant (59.6%). As a result of multiple regression analysis, it was confirmed that self-efficacy and acculturation were statistically significant variables in the model (p<.001), with an explanatory power of 23.7%.


The results indicate that the development and application of intervention strategies to increase acculturation and self-efficacy for immigrant women will aid in increasing the physical activity in Chinese immigrant women.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
Physical Activity by Individual Characteristics (N=161)

*Scheffé test.

Table 2
Physical Activity and Acculturation, Perceived Benefits/Barriers, Self-efficacy, Social Support (N=161)

MET-min/week=MET level×minutes of activity×events per week; MET level: Vigorous intensity (8), Moderate intensity (4), Walking (3.3).

Table 3
Correlations of related Variables with Physical Activity (N=161)
Table 4
Regression Analysis for Variables Predicting Physical Activity (N=161)


This manuscript is based on a part of the first author's master's thesis from Yonsei University.


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