Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs > v.43(5) > 1002954

Peek and Park: Effects of a Multicultural Education Program on the Cultural Competence, Empathy and Self-efficacy of Nursing Students



This study was done to examine the effects of a multicultural education program on nursing students' cultural competence, empathy, and self-efficacy.


In this quasi-experimental study, the participants were assigned to an experimental group (n=40) or a control group (n=40). The data were analyzed using independent t-test, Chi-square or Fisher's exact test, and paired t-test with the SPSS windows 18.0 program.


After receiving the multicultural education program, the levels of cultural competence and self-efficacy in the experimental group were higher than in the control group. The level of empathy increased slightly in the experimental group while it decreased in the control group.


The results of this study indicate that multicultural education is effective in raising the level of cultural competence and self-efficacy in nursing students. Thus, there is a need for continuous effort to integrate multicultural education programs in the nursing curriculum. Repeated study to test effects of these multicultural education programs should be also necessary.

Figures and Tables

Figure 1
Conceptual framework of the process of cultural competence and self-efficacy.
Table 1
Comparison of General Characteristics between Experimental and Control Groups

*Fisher's exact test.

Exp.=Experimental group; Cont.=Control group.

Table 2
Baseline Outcome Measures between Experimental and Control Groups

Exp.=Experimental group; Cont.=Control group.

Table 3
Effect of Multicultural Educational Program

w: Within group; b: Between group; Exp.=Experimental group(n=40); Cont.=Control group(n=40).


This manuscript is based on a part of the first author's doctoral thesis from The Catholic University of Korea.


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