Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs > v.42(5) > 1002846

Park and Oh: Effects of Active Parenting Today based on Goal Attainment Theory on Parenting Stress, Parenting Behavior, and Parenting Satisfaction in Mothers of School-Age Children



The purpose of this study was to verify effects of the Active Parenting Today (APT) program based on King's Goal Attainment Theory on parenting stress, parenting behavior, and parenting satisfaction in mothers of school-age children.


This was a quasi-experimental study with a non-equivalent control group pre-post test design. Participants were 39 mothers of school-age children (19 in the experiment group and 20 in the control group) who were registered at two community children centers in G city. The experimental group received the APT program (2 hours/session/week) and telephone counseling (2 times/week) for 8 weeks. Data were analyzed using χ2-test, t-test, Fisher exact probability test, and ANCOVA with the SPSS/Win15.0 program.


Parenting stress was significantly lower in the experimental group than in the control group. Positive parenting behavior and parenting satisfaction were significantly higher in the experimental group than in the control group. However, negative parenting behavior was not significantly different between the two groups.


The results of this study indicate that the APT program based on King's Goal Attainment Theory is useful in reducing parenting stress, creating positive parenting behavior change, and promoting parenting satisfaction in mothers of school-age children.

Figures and Tables

Figure 1
Conceptual framework of this study.
Table 1
Active Parenting Today Program

*FLAC stands for feelings, limets, alternatives, and consequences.

Table 2
Homogeneity Test of General Characteristics of Participants (N=39)

Exp.=Experimental group; Cont.=Control group.

Table 3
Homogeneity Test of Dependent Variables of Participants (N=39)

Exp.=Experimental group; Cont.=Control group.

Table 4
Comparison of Dependent Variables of Participants (N=39)

Exp.=Experimental group; Cont.=Control group.

*F score is ANCOVA with pretest scores as covariates.


This article is a revision of the first author's doctoral thesis from Chonnam National University.


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