Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs > v.41(4) > 1002727

Ahn, Kim, and Cho: Effects of Breast Massage on Breast Pain, Breast-milk Sodium, and Newborn Suckling in Early Postpartum Mothers



In this study the effects of breast massage on breast pain, breast-milk sodium, and newborn suckling in early postpartum mothers were investigated.


The design was a non-synchronized nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. Sixty postpartum mothers who were admitted to a postpartum care center and had problems with breastfeeding were recruited. Of these mothers, 44 were assigned to the intervention group and received two 30-minute breast massages within 10 days of postpartum period. The others were assigned control group and received only routine care. Breast pain was measured using a numeric pain scale and number of times newborns suckled was observed throughout breastfeeding. Breast milk was self-collected to evaluate breast-milk sodium.


Mean age of postpartum mothers was 30 years old. Compared to the control group, women in the intervention group reported significant decreases in breast pain (p<.001), increases in number of times newborns suckled after the first and second massage (p<.001), and a decrease in breast-milk sodium after the first massage (p=.034).


Breast massage may have effects on relieving breast pain, decreasing breast-milk sodium, and improving newborn suckling. Breast massage can be used to solve breast problems. Further research is needed to validate our findings.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
Homogeneity Test of Characteristics between Experimental and Control Groups (N=44)

*indicates M (SD).

Table 2
Differences between Experimental and Control Groups for Breast Pain (N=44)
Table 3
Differences between Experimental and Control Groups in Breast Milk Sodium (N=44)
Table 4
Differences in between Experimental and Control Groups in Number of Times Newborns Suckled (N=44)


This research was supported by research fund from Chungnam National University.


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