Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs > v.41(3) > 1002709

J Korean Acad Nurs. 2011 Jun;41(3):285-293. Korean.
Published online June 13, 2011.  https://doi.org/10.4040/jkan.2011.41.3.285
© 2011 Korean Society of Nursing Science
Effects of Laughter Therapy on Depression, Quality of Life, Resilience and Immune Responses in Breast Cancer Survivors
Eun A Cho,1 and Hyun Ei Oh2
1Full-time Lecturer, Department of Nursing, Honam University, Gwangju, Korea.
2Professor, Department of Nursing, Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea.

Address reprint requests to: Oh, Hyun Ei. Department of Nursing, Chosun University, 375 Seoseok-dong, Dong-gu, Gwangju 501-759, Korea. Tel: +82-10-3612-3683, Fax: +82-62-230-6322, Email: hyoh@chosun.ac.kr
Received July 22, 2010; Accepted June 07, 2011.

Abstract

Purpose

In this study, the effects of laughter therapy on levels of depression, quality of life, resilience and immune responses in breast cancer survivors were examined.

Methods

A quasi-experimental nonequivalent control group, pretest-posttest design was used. Participants (n=37) included breast cancer survivors who finished chemotheraphy and radiation therapy: 16 in the experiment group and 21 in the control group. Data were collected from August to November 2009. The experimental group participated in laughter therapy eight times, twice a week for 60 min per session. Questionnaires were used to me-asure pretest and posttest levels of depression, quality of life and resilience. A blood test was used to analyze changes in Total T cell, T helper, T suppressor, Th/Ts ratio, Total B cell, T cell/B cell ratio and NK cell for immune responses.

Results

The results showed that laughter therapy was effective in increasing the quality of life and resilience in breast cancer survivors. but depression and immune responses did not differ significantly between the groups.

Conclusion

The results of the study indicate that laughter therapy may be an effective nursing intervention to improve quality of life and resilience in breast cancer survivors.

Keywords: Laughter; Depression; Quality of life; Resilience; Immunity; Breast cancer

Tables


Table 1
Laughter Therapy Program Contents
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Table 2
Homogeneity Test of General Characteristics (N=37)
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Table 3
Homogeneity Test of Dependent Variables at Pre-test (N=37)
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Table 4
The Effects of Laughter Therapy on Depression, Quality of Life, Resilience (N=37)
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Table 5
The Effects of Laughter Therapy on Immune Responses (N=37)
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Notes

This article is based on part of the first author's doctoral thesis from Chosun University.

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