Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs > v.40(2) > 1002607

Park and Park: Predictors of Physical Activity in Korean Older Adults: Distinction between Urban and Rural Areas



The aim of this study was to compare the predictors of physical activity between urban and rural dwelling Korean older adults.


This study was a cross-sectional descriptive survey. A self-report questionnaire or face to face interviews were used to collect data from 336 older adults (urban: 129, rural: 207) who visited public health centers or welfare centers in 2008.


About half of the participants (urban: 50.4%, rural: 47.3%) were classified as the minimally active group. Cognitive function (odds ratio [OR]=1.106, p=.004) and loneliness (OR=0.965, p=.044) were predicting factors for physical activity in rural elderly. Age (OR=0.326, p=.037), gender (OR=2.841, p=.021) and depression (OR=0.799, p<.001) were significant factors predicting physical activity in urban elders.


These findings provide information that is relevant in designing interventions to enhance physical activity in older adults. There is a need to develop effective mutifaceted physical activity interventions that include reducing psychological barriers such as depression, loneliness.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
Comparison of the Physical Activity between Rural and Urban Dwelling Elders (N=336)

MET (min/week)=MET level×minutes of activity×events per week; MET level=Vigorous intensity (8), Moderate intensity (4), Walking Moderate (3.3), Sitting (1).

Table 2
Comparison of Characteristics of Rural and Urban Dwelling Elders (N=336)
Table 3
Factors related to the Physical Activity in Rural and Urban Dwelling Older Adults (N=336)

* Fisher' exact test.

Table 4
Logistic Analysis of Factors which Affected the Physical Activity of Rural Dwelling Older Adults (N=207)

CI=confidence interval.

Table 5
Logistic Analysis of Factors which Affected the Physical Activity of Urban Dwelling Older Adults (N=129)

CI=confidence interval.


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