Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs > v.39(6) > 1002593

Han, Sohn, and Kim: New Nurse Turnover Intention and Influencing Factors



The study was done to identify turnover intention in new nurses according to characteristics of the nurses and other factors affecting turnover and to provide data to set up a strategy to reduce the turnover.


Data were collected from 1,077 new nurses who had less than 12 months employment experience and worked in one of 188 hospitals. Eight research instruments were used. Data analysis was done using SPSS WIN 15.0 program.


Several factors influence new nurse turnover intention. The average score for turnover intention was 2.12. The scores for subscales were self efficacy, 3.76, nursing performance, 3.90, job satisfaction, 2.09, organization commitment, 1.28, stress, 1.32, burnout, 2.82 and nursing organizational culture, 3.29. Turnover intention was related to self efficacy, nursing performance, job satisfaction, organization commitment, stress, burnout, nursing organizational culture, duration of in-class training, duration of on the job training, number of hospital beds, length of employment and duration of employment in current workplace. The predicting factors for turnover intention were burnout, stress, duration of employment in the current workplace, self efficacy and nursing performance. Those factors explained 51.6% of turnover intention.


New nurse turnover intention can be reduced by mitigating the factors affecting this intention.

Figures and Tables

Table 1
Demographic and General Characteristics of the Participants

*Different letters means significantly different.

Table 2
Mean of Dependent and Independent Variables
Table 3
Correlations of Factors Affecting Turnover Intention

*p<.05; **p<.01.

X1=turnover intention; X2=self efficacy; X3=nursing performance; X4=job satisfaction; X5=organizational commitment; X6=stress; X7=burnout; X8=nursing organizational culture; X9=duration of in-class training; X10=duration of on the job training; X11=number of hospital beds; X12=length of employment; X13=employment period at current work place.

Table 4
Factors Affecting New Nurse Turnover Intention


Equation of regression=2.723-0.723×Organizational commitment+0.549×Burnout+0.308×Stress+0.029×Employment Period at the current work -0.155 ×Nursing organizational culture+0.139×Self efficacy+0.001×Number of hospital beds.


This work was supported by a grant from the Kyung Hee University in 2008 (KHU-20080572).


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