Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs > v.39(1) > 1002555

J Korean Acad Nurs. 2009 Feb;39(1):53-61. Korean.
Published online February 28, 2009.
Copyright © 2009 Korean Society of Nursing Science
Relationship between Goodness-of-Fit for Mother-Preschool Child and Parenting Stress in Mother
Hyang Mi Jung,1 and Min Soon Ahn2
1Professor, Department of Nursing, Dongeui University, Busan, Korea.
2Professor, Department of Nursing, Masan College, Masan, Korea.

Address reprint requests to: Jung, Hyang Mi. Department of Nursing, College of Natural Science, Dongeui University, 995 Eomgwang-ro Busanjin-gu, Busan 614-714, Korea. Tel: 82-51-890-1559, Fax: 82-51-890-2621, Email:
Received August 30, 2008; Accepted January 13, 2009.



This study was done to identify the relationship between goodness-of-fit for mother-preschool child dyads and parenting stress experienced by the mother.


Study participants were 500 mothers who had children aged 3 to 5 who attended one of ten kindergartens or infant schools in M City or B City. Descriptive statistics and Pearson's correlation coefficients were calculated using the SPSS program.


Comparison of goodness-of-fit scores for mother-preschool child dyad according to the characteristics of the participants, showed a significant difference according to child's age, gender, and birth order, mother's education and occupation, father's age and education, family income, and the chief caregiver in the family. There was a positive correlation between goodness-of-fit scores for mother-child dyad and parenting stress scores for mothers.


The findings of the study indicate a need to identify differences between children's behavioral problems and parenting styles according to the degree of discord in the mother-child temperaments. It is also necessary to develop and apply nursing programs to promote harmonizing of temperaments, programs in which the characteristics of the child and the mother are considered.

Keywords: Temperament; Stress


Table 1
Characteristics of Participants (N=500)
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Table 2
Mother-Child's Goodness-of-Fit (N=500)
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Table 3
Mother-Child's Goodness-of-Fit according to the Characteristics of Participants (N=500)
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Table 4
Parenting Stress of Participants (N=500)
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Table 5
Correlation between Mother-Child's Goodness-of-Fit and Parenting Stress (N=500)
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This work was supported by Dongeui University Grant (2007AA119).

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