Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs > v.39(1) > 1002512

J Korean Acad Nurs. 2009 Feb;39(1):136-144. Korean.
Published online February 28, 2009.
Copyright © 2009 Korean Society of Nursing Science
Effects of Tai Chi Exercise on Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Quality of Life in Post-menopausal Women
Rhayun Song,1 Sukhee Ahn,1 Hee Young So,1 In Sook Park,1 Hyun Li Kim,1 Kyung Ok Joo,2 and Jong Sung Kim3
1Professor, Department of Nursing, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea.
2Researcher, Research Institute of Nursing Science, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea.
3Professor, Department of Family Medicine, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea.

Address reprint requests to: Ahn, Sukhee. Department of Nursing, College of Nursing, Chungnam National University, 6 Munhwa 1-dong, Jung-gu, Daejeon 301-747, Korea. Tel: 82-42-580-8324, Fax: 82-42-584-8915, Email:
Received November 06, 2008; Accepted January 23, 2009.



Natural menopause resulting in the decline in endogenous estrogen concentrations is responsible for an increased risk of coronary heart disease in postmenopausal women. The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of a 6-month Tai Chi exercise program on cardiovascular risk factors and quality of life in post-menopausal women.


A quasi-experimental design with pretest and posttest measures was used. The participants in the study, 29 women in the Tai Chi group and 31 in the control group, were enrolled for 6 months.


After 6 months of Tai Chi exercise, total cholesterol (M=213 to 185), LDL-cholesterol (M=135 to 128), and their 10 yr cardiovascular disease risk (M=2.62 to 2.27) had improved significantly for the Tai Chi participants compared to the control group. Total scores for quality of life along with the sub-dimensions of health perception and mental functioning were also significantly higher in the Tai Chi participants.


Tai Chi exercise favorably affected cardiovascular health and quality of life in post-menopausal women after 6 months. Additional rigorous studies are needed to examine long term effects on the prevention of cardiovascular disease in this population.

Keywords: Postmenopausal period; Women; Tai Chi; Cardiovascular disease; Quality of life


Table 1
General Characteristics of Participants
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Table 2
Homogeneity Test of Study Variables at the Baseline
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Table 3
Group Comparisons on Cardiovascular Risk Factors at the Posttest
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Table 4
Group Comparisons on Quality of Life and Sub-dimensions at the Posttest
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This study was financially supported by the research fund of Chungnam National University in 2007.

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