Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs > v.39(1) > 1002509

J Korean Acad Nurs. 2009 Feb;39(1):107-115. Korean.
Published online February 28, 2009.
Copyright © 2009 Korean Society of Nursing Science
Effects of an Exercise Program on Frontal Lobe Cognitive Function in Elders
Mee-Kyung Shin
Full-time Instructor, Department of Nursing Science, Korea Nazarene University, Cheonan, Korea.

Address reprint requests to: Shin, Mee-Kyung. Department of Nursing Science, Korea Nazarene University, 456 Ssangyong-dong, Cheonan 331-718, Korea. Tel: 82-41-570-7070, Fax: 82-41-570-4260, Email:
Received August 05, 2008; Accepted January 21, 2009.



The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of an exercise program on frontal lobe cognitive function in seniors.


The participants were 42 seniors using a health center in Seoul (experimental group) and 28 seniors using a facility for elders in Seoul (control group). The exercise program was carried out for 16 weeks from April to August 2007. The frontal lobe cognitive function, which includes short term memory, attention, immediate memory, delayed memory, verbal fluency and motor function, was measured by the Digit Span Forward test, Trail Making test, Immediate recall words test, Delayed recall words, Controlled oral word association test and Finger tapping test. The collected data were analyzed by Fisher's exact test, Chi-square, t-test, and ANCOVA using the SAS program.


The major findings of this study were as follows: Attention (p=.009), immediate memory (p=.005), delayed memory (p=.009), and verbal fluency (p=.004) improved after the exercise program.


In this study, the exercise program was effective in improving frontal lobe cognitive function in elders. So it provides basic information for further nursing education on exercise programs which will be effective for prevention of early cognitive function decline in normally aging elders.

Keywords: Exercise program; Frontal lobe cognitive function; Aged


Table 2
Exercise Program
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Table 3
Homogeneity of General Characteristics and Medical History of Two Groups (N=70)
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Table 4
Homogeneity of Dependent Variables (N=70)
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Table 5
Comparison of the Frontal Lobe Cognitive Function of Two Groups (N=70)
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