Journal List > J Korean Acad Nurs > v.38(6) > 1002498

Kim, Park, and Lim: Task Analysis of the Job Description of Gerontological Nurse Practitioners based on DACUM



The aim of this study was to develop and to analyze the task of gerontological nurse practitioners (GNPs) in Korea.


The definition of GNP and job description was developed based on developing a curriculum (DACUM) by 7 panels who have experienced in DACUM analysis and gerontological nursing. One hundred sixty nurses who were working at long term care facilities were participated. The questionnaire included frequency, importance, and difficulty of duties, tasks, and task elements. The data were collected in November 2006, analyzed by descriptive statistics.


The job description of GNPs in Korea revealed 5 duties, 23 tasks, and 86 task elements. On the all five duties, the highest duty in frequency and in importance was professional nursing care (3.25±0.35, 3.49±0.29). But the highest duty in difficulty was research (3.24±0.46). 'Prevent health problem (3.42±0.43, 3.56±0.33)', 'Teach other staffs (2.83±0.77, 3.39±0.43)', 'Develop the evidence-based standards (2.43±0.76, 3.22±0.43)', 'Develop the self (2.81±0.65, 3.26±0.42)', and 'Participate the team activities' were the highest score in frequency and in criticality of tasks. 'Provide emotional support to older adults and families (3.16±0.41)', 'Counsel older adults and their families (3.14±0.49)', 'Do clinical research (3.32±0.49)', 'Quality insurance (3.25±0.49)', and 'Build collaborative system (3.18±0.47)' were perceived the most difficult tasks.


The political efforts for the legislation of role and task of GNPs were needed.

Figures and Tables

Figure 1
Flow chart of DACUM of this study.
Table 1
Job Description of Gerontological Nurse Practitioner
Table 2
General Characteristics of the Subjects (N=160)
Table 3
Degree of frequency, importance, & difficulty of each duty and task in each duty (N=160)
Table 4
Degree of frequency, importance, & difficulty of task elements in each duty (N=160)


This study was carried out with financial support from Korean Federation of Science and Technology Societies.


1. Adams SR. A description of the roles, activities, and skills of clinical nurse specialists in the United States. Clinical Nurse Specialist. 1999. 13:183–190.
2. Bemreuter ME. The American board of nursing specialist. Nursing's gold standard. JONAS Healthc Law Ethics Regul. 2001. 3:5–7.
3. Byun SJ, Kim HK, Kim AR, Ha HS, Joen KO. Task analysis of Korean transplantation nurse practitioner. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing. 2003. 33:179–188.
4. Cho WJ, Lee TW, Kim SY, Chang SB, Lee WH, Kim GS. A study for curriculum development for advanced nurse practitioner program. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing. 2002. 32:917–928.
5. Chung KH. The life styles and welfare needs of the elderly. 2005. Seoul: Paper presented at the Forum of Health and Welfare.
6. Galarneau LD, Campton TK, Hart BD, Jodoin AM. Gerontological nursing roles within the Southern Regional Geriatric Program. Perspectives. 2005. 29:5–11.
7. Garfield R. The marketability of nurse practitioners in New York city. Nursing Economist. 2000. 18:20–22.
8. Hendrix CC, Wojciechowski CW. Chronic care management for the elderly: An opportunity for gerontological nurse practitioners. Journal of American Academy of Nurse Practitioner. 2005. 17:263–267.
9. Hong JS, Lee GE. Scale development of job stress forhome care nurses. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing. 2004. 34:1097–1107.
10. Im JJ. A study on the development of nurse practitioner. 2002. Gwangju: Chonnam National University;Unpublished master's thesis.
11. Kim CJ. The meaning of introduction of nurse practitioner system. Korean Nurses. 2005. 44:14–16.
12. Kim DO. Issues and prospect of nurse practitioners system in Korea. Proceedings of the Nursing Seminar at Soonchunhyang University. 2001. Korea: 29–43.
13. Kim HS, Kim SK, Kang JS. The Study on education course for exercise instructors for dementia by DACUMjob analysis. Journal of the Korea Gerontological Society. 2008. 28:357–375.
14. Kim HS, You SY, Kim MJ, Park CS. Direct care stress and Job satisfaction in home care nurses. Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing. 2004. 10:261–265.
15. Kim KK, Cho JH. Model of the Korea regulatory body of advanced practice registered nurse. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration. 2004. 10:437–448.
16. Kim SS, You OS, Kwon IK, Moon SM, Sung YH. Development of classification system for critical care and core competencies of advanced practice nurses. Clinical Nursing Research. 2005. 11:165–177.
17. Ko IS, Kim ES, Kim IS, Kim JH, Lee TW, Kim KK, et al. Legislation proposal on advanced nurse practitioner. Korean Journal of Nursing Query. 1999. 8:118–138.
18. Prospects of Nurse Practitioners in Korea. 2007. Retrieved March 28, 2007. Korean Accreditation Board of Nursing;from
19. Korean Nurses Association. Establishment of nursing law. Proceedings of the Research Institute of Nursing Policy in Korea Nurses Association. 2005. Korea: 18–32.
20. Lee KJ. Issues and prospects for nurse practitioners. Korean Nurses. 2005. 44:17–21.
21. Lee KJ, Kang ES, Kim NC, Kim JH, Kim CK, Kim HK, et al. Roles and functions of the Gerontological Nurse Practitioner. Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing. 2004. 6:125–133.
22. Lee YH. The role of gerontological nurse practitioner in acute care settings. Proceedings of the Spring Seminar of the Korea Gerontological Nurses Association. 2003. Korea: 28–44.
23. Mezey MD, McGivern DO, Sullivan-Marx EM. Nurse practitioners: Evolution of advanced practice. 2003. 4th ed. New York, NY: Springer Publishing.
24. Oh PJ, Kim IO, Kim YH, Shin SR, Lee KS, Han SJ. Task analysis of Korean geriatric care managers. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing. 2006. 36:770–781.
25. Pamela LE. Comparing CNS and NP role activities: A replication. Clinical Nurse Specialist. 2000. 14:269–277.
26. Roberts-Davis M, Read S. Clinical role clarification: Using the Delphi method to establish similarities and differences between nurse practitioners and clinical nurse specialists. Journal of Clinical Nursing. 2001. 10:33–43.
27. Smyth C, Dubin S, Restrepo A, Nueva-Espana H, Capezuti E. Creating order out of chaos: Models of GNP practice with hospitalized older adults. Clinical Excellence for Nurse Practitioners. 2001. 5:88–95.
28. Susan QJ. Clinical Nurse Specialist: Role restructuring to advanced practice registered nurse. Critical Care Quarterly. 1999. 21:37–49.
29. Wall S. Living with grey: Role understandings between clinical nurse educators and advanced practice nurses. Canadian Journal of Nursing Leadership. 2006. 19:57–71.
Similar articles